Jump to navigation Jump to search
amidogen (plural amidogens)
- (inorganic chemistry, dated) The amino radical, •NH2, the neutral form of the amide ion −NH2−, regardable as the ammonia molecule with one of its hydrogen atoms removed.
- Synonyms: amido group, amido radical, amino radical, aminyl radical, azanyl radical, dihydridonitrogen.
- Chemical formulae: , ,, ,
- 1858, John Joseph Griffin, The Radical Theory in Chemistry, John Joseph Griffin, page 219,
- According to this theory, azote, in the presence of sufficient radicals, exercises its prerogative of producing amidogens and ammoniums, which then form salts with oxidised carbon, with negative hydrocarbons, or with any other acid radicals, oxidised or not oxidised, which are placed within its reach. But neither amidogens nor ammoniums are produced in the absence of negative radicals with which they can form salts.
- 1860, John Joseph Griffin, The Chemistry of the Non-metallic Elements and Their Compounds, John Joseph Griffin, page 315,
- Ammonia is commonly called a base. It is more correct to call it a SALT, and to consider its components to be the radical amidogen , and the radical hydrogen .
- 1866, William Odling, Lectures on Animal Chemistry, Longmans, Green, and Co., page 18,
- Again, if in phosgene gas , we replace the two atoms of chlorine by peroxide of hydrogen, we obtain carbolic acid; whereas if we replace them by amidogen we get urea, as shown in the second line of the table.
- 1904, The British Journal of Photography, Volume 51, page 209,
- If amidogen groups are substituted at the same time as the oxhydrils[hydroxyls] in a reducing compound containing the double developing faculty, the developing property appears with notably greater activity than if it has only a single developing faculty.