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See also: Antiphrasis



Borrowed from Late Latin antiphrasis, itself a borrowing from Ancient Greek ἀντίφρασις (antíphrasis). Synchronically analysable as anti- +‎ phrasis.


antiphrasis (countable and uncountable, plural antiphrases)

  1. (rhetoric) Use of a word or phrase in a sense not in accord with its literal meaning, especially for ironic or humorous effect
    • 1991 June 20, Jean-Yves Girard, “On the unity of logic”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[1], number 59, North-Holland, page 201:
      By the turn of this century the situation concerning logic was quite simple: there was basically one logic (classical logic) which could be used (by changing the set of proper axioms) in various situations. Logic was about pure reasoning. Brouwer’s criticism destroyed this dream of unity: classical logic was not suited for constructive features and therefore it lost its universality. Now by the end of the century we are faced with an incredible number of logics-some of them only named ‘logic’ by antiphrasis, some of them introduced on serious grounds.

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