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From Proto-Baltic *balsas, from the o-grade of Proto-Indo-European *bʰel-, *bʰol- ‎(to sound, to speak, to roar, to bark), with an extra suffix -so (*bʰol-so-s). Cognates include Lithuanian bal̃sas, Russian болтать ‎(boltát', to chat, to chatter), dialectal балдить ‎(baldít', to often repeat the same thing), Old High German bellan, German bellen ‎(to bark), Middle Low German bulderen, German poltern ‎(to rumble; to speak loud).[1]




balss f (6th declension)

  1. (anatomy) voice (sound produced by the human respiratory tract for speaking, singing, etc.)
    spēcīga balss — strong voice
    balss trīc, dreb — the voice trembles
    balss tembrs, spēks, augstumsvoice timbre, power, pitch
    balss aparātsspeech (lit. voice) organs
    balss saitesvocal cords
    lasīt balsī — to read out loud (lit. to read in voice)
    pacelt, raudāt balsi — to lower, to raise one's voice
  2. voice, intonation (how a person's voice sounds, expressing or revealing mental states)
    priecīga, skumja balss — happy, sad voice
    dusmīga, mierīga, vienaldzīga balss — angry, calm, indifferent voice
  3. voice (someone who cannot be seen but can be heard)
    kadā balss ierunājās aiz muguras — some voice spoke behind (his) back
  4. voice (metaphorical means of communicating feelings, mental states)
    zemes balss — the voice of the earth
    sirds balss — the voice of one's heart
  5. voice (capacity for singing)
    augsta, zema balss — high, low (pitched) voice
    dziedātāja balss — a singer's voice
    balss diapazonsvoice range
  6. (polyphonic music) voice (single melodic line)
    augšējā balss — the upper voice
    pastāvīga balss — constant voice
    balsu kustībavoice movement
    dziedāt pirmo balsi — to sing the first voice
    dziesma divām balsīm — a song for two voices
  7. voice (sounds and calls produced by animals)
    putnu balsis — bird songs
    lakstīgalas balss — nightingale's voice
  8. voice (sound produced by natural phenomena or objects)
    vēja balss — the voice of the wind
  9. voice (general thoughts, beliefs, of a group of people)
    tautas balss — the voice of the people
    sabiedrības balss — the voice of society, public voice
  10. voice (expression of a mental state)
    naida balss — the voice of hate
    cilvēcības balss — the voice of humanity
  11. voice (capacity or opportunity to express one's opinion)
    tauta, kam bija atņemta sava balss — a people who had been deprived of their voice
  12. vote (citizen's will, expressed in an election, a referendum)
    nodot, atdot, dot (savu) balsi — to give one's vote, to vote
  13. vote (opinion, to be counted, expressed in a debate or discussion)
    izšķirt jautājumu ar balsu vairākumu — to settle the question by majority vote
    absolūtais balsu vairākums — absolute voting majority


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ “balss” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7