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See also: brainwashing


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English Wikipedia has an article on:

brain-washing (countable and uncountable, plural brain-washings)

  1. A form of indoctrination that forces people to abandon their beliefs in favour of another set of beliefs by conditioning through various forms of pressure or torture[1][2][3][4]
    • 1994, David Lawrence Pedersen, Cameral Analysis: A Method of Treating the Psychoneurosis Using Hypnosis, page 96:
      So it came about, through Pavlov's work, that the Soviets developed and perfected the 'brain-washing' technique seen to be so effective in the state trials of the 1930s. An amazed world witnessed the sight of intelligent and renowned figures genuinely confessing to criminal acts against the state, or voicing ideological dogma in a total reversal of their previously held values.
    • 2000, Boyé De Mente, The Chinese Have a Word for It: The Complete Guide to Chinese Thought and Culture, McGraw-Hill, →ISBN, page 421:
      All new prisoners were assigned to "study groups" or "introductory teams" that were responsible for applying a variety of brain-washing techniques designed to break down all old beliefs and attitudes and replace them with Communist-Socialist thoughts.




  1. ^ David A. Statt (1990) The Concise Dictionary of Psychology, Routledge, →ISBN, pages 18-19
  2. ^ James K. Boehnlein (2000) Psychiatry and Religion: The Convergence of Mind and Spirit, American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc., →ISBN, pages 73-74
  3. ^ Raymond J. Corsini (2001) The Dictionary of Psychology, Routledge, →ISBN, page 127
  4. ^ Virginia A. Sadock, Harold I. Kaplan (2007) Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Sciences/Clinical Psychiatry, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, →ISBN, page 676