cáel

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See also: cael

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *koilos (thin) (compare Cornish and Welsh cul).

Adjective[edit]

cáel (equative caílithir)

  1. thin, slender, narrow
  2. fine, delicate

Inflection[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative cáel cáel cáel
Vocative caíl*
cáel**
Accusative cáel caíl
Genitive caíl caíle caíl
Dative cáel caíl cáel
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative caíl cáela
Vocative cáelu
cáela
Accusative cáelu
cáela
Genitive cáel
Dative cáelaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

cáel m

  1. narrow
  2. strait

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cáel cáelL caílL
Vocative caíl cáelL cáelu
Accusative cáelN cáelL cáelu
Genitive caílL cáel cáelN
Dative cáelL cáelaib cáelaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cáel cháel cáel
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • cáel” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.