caol

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cáel, from Proto-Celtic *koilos (thin) (compare Cornish and Welsh cul).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

caol (genitive singular masculine caoil, genitive singular feminine caoile, plural caola, comparative caoile)

  1. thin, slender
    Synonyms: tanaí
  2. fine
  3. narrow
    Synonyms: cúng
  4. (sound) thin, shrill
  5. (linguistics) slender, palatalized
    Caol le caol agus leathan le leathan.
    Slender (consonant) goes with slender (vowel) and broad (consonant) with broad (vowel).
    (rule in Irish spelling)
  6. weak, dilute
  7. slight
  8. subtle

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

caol m (genitive singular caoil, nominative plural caolta)

  1. (of body, limb) slender part
  2. narrow water
  3. (basketry) osier, twig

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

caol (present analytic caolann, future analytic caolfaidh, verbal noun caoladh, past participle caolta)

  1. Alternative form of caolaigh (become thin; narrow; reduce; dilute; palatalize; edge, sidle)

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
caol chaol gcaol
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "caol" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • “caol” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • cáel” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “caol” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “caol” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cáel, from Proto-Celtic *koilos (thin) (compare Cornish and Welsh cul).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

caol

  1. thin, narrow

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

caol m (genitive singular caoil, plural caoiltean)

  1. strait, narrows, firth, kyle
  2. the narrow part of anything

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
caol chaol
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9