capall

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Irish[edit]

capall

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish capall, from Proto-Celtic [Term?].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

capall m (genitive singular capaill, nominative plural capaill)

  1. horse (large hoofed animal)
  2. (Ulster) mare
  3. (genitive singular as attributive adjective) large, coarse (species of something)

Declension[edit]

  • Alternative plural: caiple (Cois Fharraige)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
capall chapall gcapall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "capall" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • capall” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Insular Celtic *kapallos, from Proto-Celtic [Term?]. Compare Welsh ceffyl and Gaulish caballos, presumably whence Latin caballus was borrowed.

Noun[edit]

capall m

  1. horse

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
capall chapall capall
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • capall” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish capall (horse), from Proto-Celtic [Term?].

Noun[edit]

capall m (genitive singular capaill, plural capaill)

  1. colt
  2. mare (female horse)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Even when meaning "mare", retains masculine gender.

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • capall” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.