capall

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Irish[edit]

Capall

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish capall, a borrowing from Proto-Brythonic *kėfɨl (compare Welsh ceffyl), from Proto-Celtic *kappilos, *kaballos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

capall m (genitive singular capaill, nominative plural capaill)

  1. horse (large hoofed animal)
    Proverb:
    Is minic a rinne bromach gioblach capall cumasach.Many a ragged colt made a noble horse.
  2. (Ulster) mare
  3. (genitive singular as attributive adjective) large, coarse (species of something)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
capall chapall gcapall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • Entries containing “capall” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “capall” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kaballos. Compare Welsh ceffyl and Gaulish caballos, presumably the source of Latin caballus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

capall m (genitive capaill, nominative plural capaill)

  1. horse

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative capall capallL capaillL
Vocative capaill capallL caipliuH
Accusative capallN capallL caipliuH
Genitive capaillL capall capallN
Dative capullL caiplib caiplib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: capall
  • Manx: cabbyl
  • Scottish Gaelic: capall

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
capall chapall capall
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish capall (horse), from Proto-Celtic *kapallos, *kaballos.

Noun[edit]

capall m (genitive singular capaill, plural capaill)

  1. colt
  2. mare (female horse)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Even when meaning "mare", retains masculine gender.

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
capall chapall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • capall” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “capall”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language