capall

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Irish[edit]

Capall

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish capall, related to Welsh ceffyl and Latin caballus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

capall m (genitive singular capaill, nominative plural capaill)

  1. horse (large hoofed animal)
    Proverb:
    Is minic a rinne bromach gioblach capall cumasach.Many a ragged colt made a noble horse.
  2. (Ulster) mare
  3. (genitive singular as attributive adjective) large, coarse (species of something)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
capall chapall gcapall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • Entries containing “capall” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “capall” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. The Old Irish /p/ and the /f/ in Welsh ceffyl suggest an earlier *pp, making it impossible to be directly related to Gaulish Caballo-, which occurs in proper nouns. A common source of the Irish and Welsh words could be a hypothetical Latin *cappillus, some kind of contamination of caballus (horse) and capellus (small goat). Latin caballus is assumed to be a borrowing from Gaulish. This might in turn be a Wanderwort originating in Asia, compare Ancient Greek καβάλλης (kabállēs, a nag).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

capall m (genitive capaill, nominative plural capaill)

  1. horse

Inflection[edit]

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative capall capallL capaillL
Vocative capaill capallL caipliuH
Accusative capallN capallL caipliuH
Genitive capaillL capall capallN
Dative capullL caiplib caiplib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: capall
  • Manx: cabbyl
  • Scottish Gaelic: capall

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
capall chapall capall
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vendryes, Joseph (1959–96) Lexique Étymologique de l'Irlandais Ancien [Etymological lexicon of Old Irish] (in French), volume C, Dublin, Paris: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, pages C-33-34
  2. ^ Thurneysen, Rudolf (1940, reprinted 2003)D. A. Binchy and Osborn Bergin, transl., A Grammar of Old Irish, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, →ISBN, page 567

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish capall (horse), related to Welsh ceffyl and Latin caballus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

capall m (genitive singular capaill, plural capaill)

  1. colt
  2. mare (female horse)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Even when meaning "mare", retains masculine gender.

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
capall chapall
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]