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From caput (head) +‎ -ālis.



capitālis (neuter capitāle, comparative capitālior); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. (relational) of the head or life
  2. dangerous, which concerns the life or death
    Synonyms: anceps, perīculōsus, dubius, īnfēnsus
  3. deadly, mortal
    Synonyms: lētālis, pestifer
  4. excellent


Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative capitālis capitāle capitālēs capitālia
Genitive capitālis capitālium
Dative capitālī capitālibus
Accusative capitālem capitāle capitālēs
Ablative capitālī capitālibus
Vocative capitālis capitāle capitālēs capitālia

Related terms[edit]



  • capitalis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • capitalis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • capitalis
  • capitalis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • capitalis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be separated by a deadly hatred: capitali odio dissidere ab aliquo (De Am. 1. 2)
    • to charge some one with a capital offence: accusare aliquem rei capitalis (rerum capitalium)
  • capitalis”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • capitalis”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin