caurs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *kyaur-, from Proto-Indo-European *kew-(to cut, to separate, to scrape, to dig) with an extra -r. The sense evolution was probably “to cut, to dig” → “to prickle.” Cognates include Lithuanian kiáuras.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Adjective[edit]

caurs (def. caurais, comp. caurāks, sup. viscaurākais; adv. cauri)

  1. having a hole or holes
    caurs spainis, jumts‎ ― leaky bucket, roof
    caura kaste‎ ― box with a hole on it
    cauras zeķes, kurpes‎ ― socks, shoes with holes on them
    koks ar cauru vidu — tree with a hole in the middle
  2. having been damaged
    caura būda‎ ― damaged hut
    pirts bija tik veca un caura‎ ― the bath(house) was so old and damaged
    caurs zobs‎ ― damaged tooth
  3. all (the time), without interruptions, throughout
    ceļot visu cauru gadu‎ ― to travel the whole year, all through, throughout the year
    strādāt caurām dienām‎ ― to work all day

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “caurs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7