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From Proto-Baltic *kyaur-, from Proto-Indo-European *kew- (to cut, to separate, to scrape, to dig) with an extra -r. The sense evolution was probably “to cut, to dig” → “to prickle.” Cognates include Lithuanian kiáuras.[1]




caurs (definite caurais, comparative caurāks, superlative viscaurākais, adverb cauri)

  1. having a hole or holes
    caurs spainis, jumtsleaky bucket, roof
    caura kastebox with a hole on it
    cauras zeķes, kurpessocks, shoes with holes on them
    koks ar cauru vidutree with a hole in the middle
  2. having been damaged
    caura būdadamaged hut
    pirts bija tik veca un caurathe bath(house) was so old and damaged
    caurs zobsdamaged tooth
  3. all (the time), without interruptions, throughout
    ceļot visu cauru gaduto travel the whole year, all through, throughout the year
    strādāt caurām dienāmto work all day


Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “caurs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN