clois

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See also: clóis and Clois

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cloisid, cloistid, apparently a conflation of coistid (is silent, listens) with clos (hearing). Coistid is a late form of con·túaisi, from Proto-Celtic *tawsos (silent) (compare Old Irish tóe (silent), Welsh taw (be silent)), from Proto-Indo-European *teh₂ws- (still, silent) (compare Sanskrit तूष्णीम् (tūṣṇīm, silently). Clos is related to clúas (hearing, ear), from Proto-Celtic *kloustā (hearing, ear) (compare Welsh clust), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlewst- (compare Old English hlyst (hearing)), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew- (to hear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

clois (present analytic cloiseann, future analytic cloisfidh, verbal noun cloisteáil, past participle cloiste)

  1. (Munster, parts of Connacht) to hear

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • cluin (Ulster; parts of Connacht)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
clois chlois gclois
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • clois(t)id” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “cloisim” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 2nd ed., 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • Finck, F. N. (1899), Die araner mundart, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, vol. II, p. 155.
  • Tomás de Bhaldraithe, 1977, Gaeilge Chois Fhairrge: An Deilbhíocht, 2nd edition, Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, section 215.
  • "clois" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

clois

  1. first-person singular preterite of cloi

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
clois glois nghlois chlois
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.