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See also: coruscò




  1. first-person singular present indicative of coruscare


Alternative forms[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

Related to coruscus (vibrating, flashing). Of uncertain origin according to the TLL; perhaps related to Ancient Greek κορύσσω (korússō, equip with helmet) and κορύπτω (korúptō, headbutt). Compare Ancient Greek σκαίρω (skaírō, hop, dance), ἀσκαρίζω (askarízō, throb), σκιρτάω (skirtáō, leap, bound).


coruscō (present infinitive coruscāre, perfect active coruscāvī, supine coruscātum); first conjugation, no passive (poetic in Classical Latin, much more popular in Late Latin)

  1. (transitive) to shake, brandish, wave, move about
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 5.641–643:
      Haec memorāns prima infēnsum vī corripit ignem
      sublatāque procul dextrā cōnīxa coruscat
      et iacit.
      Mentioning these, she first grasped the deadly fire with violence
      and with the right hand raised high, brandishes it with effort
      and throws.
    • c. 45 CE – 96 CE, Statius, Thebaid 12.431–432:
      Exundant dīvīsō vertice flammae
      alternōsque apicēs abruptā lūce coruscant.
      The flames rush up with a bifurcated top
      and wave their tips with intermittent light.
    • 4th C. CE, Avienus, Aratea 636–638:
      Namque et sīdereīs cycnus secat aethera pinnīs,
      dōnātus caelō, nōn clārō lūcidus astrō,
      sed tamen ōs flagrāns et guttura longa coruscāns.
      For the swan splits the aether with starry wings too,
      gifted to the sky, not luminous with a bright star,
      but still brandishing its shining mouth and long neck.
    • 354 CE – 450 CE, Saint Augustine, Enarratio in Psalmos 121.9:
      Portāvērunt Deum, et dē ipsīs Deus coruscābat mīrācula, tonābat terrōrēs, pluēbat cōnsōlātiōnēs.
      They carried the Lord with them, and the Lord brandished miracles, thundered terrors, rained consolations regarding them.
  2. (intransitive, somewhat uncommon) to shake, vibrate, flit
    • c. 99 BCE – 55 BCE, Lucretius, De rerum natura 2.320:
      [] satiātī agnī lūdunt blandēque coruscant.
      The sated lambs play and gently thrust with the horns.
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgics 4.73:
      Tum trepidae inter sē coeunt pinnīsque coruscant []
      Then [the bees] come together in a hurry and vibrate with their wings.
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.492–494:
      Mōtae sonuēre colubrae,
      parsque iacent umerīs, pars circum pectora lapsae
      sībila dant saniemque vomunt linguīsque coruscant.
      The disturbed snakes hissed
      and a part sit on the shoulders, a part, fallen down to the breast,
      give hisses and vomit blood and flutter with their tongues.
    • c. 100 CEc. 130 CE, Juvenal, Satires 3.234–236:
      Scinduntur tunicae sartae modo, longa coruscat
      serrācō veniente abiēs, atque altera pīnum
      plaustra vehunt.
      Tunics just mended are torn, the long pine log
      shakes as its waggon nears, and another cart
      is carrying a pine tree.
    • 3rd C. CE, Tertullian, De pudicitia 14, in Quinti Septimi Florentis Tertulliani opera (volume I), August Reifferscheid and Georg Wissowa, 1890, pages 248–249:
      Vidēmus itaque hōc in locō dīvīsam apostolī sevēritātem in quendam īnflātum et in quendam incestum, in alterum virgā, in alterum sententiā armātum. Virga, quam minābātur, sententia, quam exsequēbātur; illam adhūc coruscantem, hanc statim fulminantem, quā increpābat, qua damnābat.
      And so we see in this place the apostle's divided severity against someone haughty and someone unchaste, equipped with a rod against one and with words against the other. The rod, which he was threatening, the words, which he was saying; the former still shaking, the latter immediately fulminating, one with which he was rattling, one with which he was condemning.
  3. (personal and rarely impersonal) to strike or flash lightning
    • 220 BCEc. 130 BCE, Marcus Pacuvius, Tragic fragments 45.5:
      Flamma inter nūbēs coruscat, caelum tonitrū contremit.
      Fire strikes amongst clouds, the sky trembles with thunder.
    • c. 77 CE – 79 CE, Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia 2.43.112:
      [] et esse tonitrua inpactōrum ignium plāgās ideōque prōtinus coruscāre igneās nūbium rīmās.
      [And I agree that] thunderclaps are the blows of fires collided and that for that reason the fiery cracks of clouds flash lightning at once.
    • c. 125 CE – 180 CE, Apuleius, De mundo 15:
      Quippe ubi nūbēs adflīctrīx ignem, ut ignifera saxa adtrīta inter sē, dat, obtutus velōcius inlūstriōra contingit, audītus, dum ad aurēs venit, sēriōre sēnsū concipitur; ita prius coruscāre caelum crēditur et mox tonāre.
      Of course when a striking cloud emits fire, like flintstones rubbed against one another, the sight comes to the eyes faster; the sound is felt with tardier sense, until it reaches the ears; thus the sky is believed to flash lightning first and thunder soon after.
    • 4th C. CE, Saint Jerome, Vulgate Ezekiel 1:14:
      Et animālia ībant et revertēbantur, in similitūdinem fulguris coruscantis.
      And the beings went and came, like a striking lightning.
    • c. 540 CEc. 554 CE, Cassiodorus, Expositio in Psalterium 127.1 in Patrologia Latina (volume 70), Jacques-Paul Migne, 1865, page 932:
      Sed nē forsitan timendum sōlummodo putārēs Dominum cum tonat, cum coruscat, cum terrās tremōre concutit, cum crīminōsīs minātur interitum, addidit, quī ambulant in viīs eius, ut non sōlum suspendāmur ab āctibus prāvīs, vērum etiam in fidē probēmur ambulāre rēctissimā.
      But so that you may not consider the Lord to be feared only when He thunders, when He strikes lightning, when he threatens the sinful with death, he added “that walketh in his ways”, so that we may not only doubt in the wrong acts, but that we may also be shown worthy in faith to walk on the straightest way.
  4. (figurative, frequent) to flash, coruscate, gleam
    • c. 850 CE – 930 CE, Hucbald, Ecloga de calvis 142–143 in Monumenta Germaniae Historica (tome 4, fascicle 1), Paulus de Winterfeld, Berlin 1899, page 271:
      Collūcent calvī: calvōrum cassida candet,
      conrutilāns caelī ceu cōpia clāra coruscat.
      The bald are bright: their pate shines,
      glowing reddish it gleams like the brilliant fullness of the sky.
   Conjugation of coruscō (first conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coruscō coruscās coruscat coruscāmus coruscātis coruscant
imperfect coruscābam coruscābās coruscābat coruscābāmus coruscābātis coruscābant
future coruscābō coruscābis coruscābit coruscābimus coruscābitis coruscābunt
perfect coruscāvī coruscāvistī coruscāvit coruscāvimus coruscāvistis coruscāvērunt,
pluperfect coruscāveram coruscāverās coruscāverat coruscāverāmus coruscāverātis coruscāverant
future perfect coruscāverō coruscāveris coruscāverit coruscāverimus coruscāveritis coruscāverint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coruscem coruscēs coruscet coruscēmus coruscētis coruscent
imperfect coruscārem coruscārēs coruscāret coruscārēmus coruscārētis coruscārent
perfect coruscāverim coruscāverīs coruscāverit coruscāverīmus coruscāverītis coruscāverint
pluperfect coruscāvissem coruscāvissēs coruscāvisset coruscāvissēmus coruscāvissētis coruscāvissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coruscā coruscāte
future coruscātō coruscātō coruscātōte coruscantō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives coruscāre coruscāvisse coruscātūrum esse
participles coruscāns coruscātūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
coruscandī coruscandō coruscandum coruscandō coruscātum coruscātū
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • English: coruscate
  • Italian: corruscare
  • Spanish: coruscar
  • Galician: coriscar

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.



  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of coruscus



  1. dative/ablative singular of coruscum


  • corusco”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • corusco”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • corusco in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • coruscō” in volume 4, column 1074, line 15 in the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae (TLL Open Access), Berlin (formerly Leipzig): De Gruyter (formerly Teubner), 1900–present