damh

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Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish dam ‎(ox, stag), from Proto-Celtic *damos, from Proto-Indo-European *dm̥h₂-ó- ‎(bull) (compare Albanian dem ‎(bullock), Ancient Greek δάμαλος ‎(dámalos, calf)), from *demh₂- ‎(to tame) (compare Old Irish daimid ‎(to allow, give in), Latin domō, English tame).

Noun[edit]

damh m ‎(genitive singular daimh, nominative plural daimh)

  1. ox
  2. stag
  3. (figuratively) strong man, champion; corpulent person
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish dom ‎(house, home).

Noun[edit]

damh f ‎(genitive singular daimhe, nominative plural damha)

  1. (literary) house, home
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

damh ‎(emphatic damhsa)

  1. Alternative form of dom ‎(for/to me)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
damh dhamh ndamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "damh" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 dam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • dom, dam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish dam ‎(ox, stag), from Proto-Celtic *damos, from Proto-Indo-European *dm̥h₂-ó- ‎(bull) (compare Albanian dem ‎(bullock), Ancient Greek δάμαλος ‎(dámalos, calf)), from *demh₂- ‎(to tame) (compare Old Irish daimid ‎(to allow, give in), Latin domō, English tame).

Noun[edit]

damh m ‎(genitive singular daimh, plural damhan)

  1. ox, bullock
  2. stag (usually of red deer)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
damh dhamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • 1 dam” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.