damh

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Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish dam (ox, stag), from Proto-Celtic *damos, from Proto-Indo-European *dm̥h₂-ó- (bull) (compare Albanian dem (bullock), Ancient Greek δάμαλος (dámalos, calf)), from *demh₂- (to tame) (compare Old Irish daimid (to allow, give in), Latin domō, English tame).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

damh m (genitive singular daimh, nominative plural daimh)

  1. ox
  2. stag
  3. (figuratively) strong man, champion; corpulent person
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish dom (house, home).

Noun[edit]

damh f (genitive singular daimhe, nominative plural damha)

  1. (literary) house, home
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

damh (emphatic damhsa)

  1. Alternative form of dom (for/to me)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
damh dhamh ndamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish dam (ox, stag), from Proto-Celtic *damos, from Proto-Indo-European *dm̥h₂-ó- (bull) (compare Albanian dem (bullock), Ancient Greek δάμαλος (dámalos, calf)), from *demh₂- (to tame) (compare Old Irish daimid (to allow, give in), Latin domō, English tame).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

damh m (genitive singular daimh, plural daimh or damhan)

  1. ox, bullock
  2. stag (usually of red deer)

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
damh dhamh
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “damh”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 dam”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language