deliquium

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin delinquere (to lack, to fail)

Noun[edit]

deliquium (plural deliquiums)

  1. (chemistry) Liquefaction through absorption of moisture from the air.
  2. (pathology) An abrupt loss of consciousness usually caused by an insufficient blood flow to the brain; fainting.
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069:, vol.1, New York, 2001, p.387:
      If he be locked in a close room, he is afraid of being stifled for want of air, and still carries biscuit, aquavitæ, or some strong waters about him, for fear of deliquiums, or being sick […].
  3. (literary, figuratively) A languid, maudlin mood.
  4. (rare) An abrupt absence of sunlight, e.g. caused by an eclipse.

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

dēliquium n (genitive dēliquiī); second declension

  1. want, defect
  2. eclipse

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative dēliquium dēliquia
genitive dēliquiī dēliquiōrum
dative dēliquiō dēliquiīs
accusative dēliquium dēliquia
ablative dēliquiō dēliquiīs
vocative dēliquium dēliquia

References[edit]