dorchae

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See also: dorch-

Old Irish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dorchae (comparative dorchu)

  1. dark, gloomy
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 30a4
      sechis amal no·ngnetis ón gním inn aithchi dorchi
      as though they did a deed on a dark night
  2. obscure
  3. gloomy, morose

Inflection[edit]

io/iā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative dorchae dorchae dorchae
Vocative dorchai
Accusative dorchae dorchai
Genitive dorchai dorchae dorchai
Dative dorchu dorchai dorchu
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative dorchai dorchai
Vocative dorchai
Accusative dorchai
dorchaiu (when substantivized)
Genitive dorchae
Dative dorchaib

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dorchae n

  1. darkness, gloom
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 140c5
      is Dǽ int soilse amal as nDæ inna dorche
      the light is God’s even as the darkness is God’s
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 183b3
      dond fritobairt maill frita·taibret na dorche don ṡoilsi
      from the slow opposition with which the darkness opposes itself to the light
  2. (figuratively) obscurity, mystery

Usage notes[edit]

Often used in the plural, especially in early texts, probably under the influence of Latin tenebrae.

Inflection[edit]

Neuter io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dorchaeN dorchaeL dorchaeL
Vocative dorchaeN dorchaeL dorchae
Accusative dorchaeN dorchaeL dorchae
Genitive dorchaiL dorchae dorchaeN
Dative dorchuL dorchaib dorchaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

References[edit]

  • dorchae” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.