The adjective is derived from Middle English doughti, douȝty (“brave, bold, valiant; fierce, strong; bold warrior; excellent, honourable, noble, worthy; handsome, splendid; excellent or worthy person”) [and other forms], from Old English dohtiġ, dyhtiġ (“competent, doughty, good, strong, valiant”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewgʰ- (“to produce (something useful); to be strong, have force”). The English word may be analysed as dought + -y, and is cognate with Danish dygtig (“virtuous, proficient”), Dutch duchtig (“severe, strict”), German tüchtig (“capable, competent, efficient; big; hard”), Icelandic dygðugur (“virtuous, stable”), Scots douchty, douchtie (“bold, valiant”), Swedish duktig (“efficient; good; capable, clever, smart”).
The noun is derived from the adjective.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈdaʊti/
Audio (UK) (file)
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈdaʊti/, [-ɾi]
- (Canada) IPA(key): [ˈdʌʊ̯ɾi] (Canadian raising)
- Rhymes: -aʊti
- (dated or archaic) Bold; brave, courageous.
- Synonyms: dauntless, fearless, intrepid, resolute, stouthearted, valiant; see also Thesaurus:brave
- Antonyms: see Thesaurus:cowardly
- 2014 November 14, Blake Bailey, “‘Tennessee Williams,’ by John Lahr [print version: Theatrical victory of art over life, International New York Times, 18 November 2014, page 13]”, in The New York Times, New York, N.Y.: The New York Times Company, ISSN 0362-4331, OCLC 971436363, archived from the original on 21 August 2019:
doughty (plural doughties)
- Alternative form of