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 dzelzs on Latvian Wikipedia


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *geleź-, gelēź-, gelēźa-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰelgʰ- (iron) (which was apparently borrowed from Asia Minor). Initially the Latvian reflex was dzelzis, which still exists (as a masculine, 2nd declension, usually plural noun) with the meaning “piece(s) of iron”. Cognates include Lithuanian geležìs, Old Prussian gelso ([gelzo]) (< *gelzā), Old Church Slavonic желѣзо (želězo), Russian железо (železo), and perhaps Ancient Greek χαλκός (khalkós, copper, bronze).[1]




Chemical element
Fe Previous: mangāns (Mn)
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dzelzs f (6th declension)

  1. iron (metallic chemical element, with atomic number 26, with a wide range of uses in a variety of combinations)
    dzelzs rūdairon ore
    dzelzs ieguveiron mining
    dzelzs savienojumiiron compounds
    dzelzs korozijairon corrosion
  2. materials containing iron, iron alloys; (used adjectivally) made of such materials
    metināmā dzelzswelding iron
    dzelzs vārti, durvisiron gate, door
    dzelzs lūžņiiron scraps
    izgatavots no dzelzsmade of iron
    dzelzs laikmetsthe Iron Age
  3. (used adjectivally) very strong, resistant (of body, health, etc.); powerful, strong, unassailable (of will, character, etc.)
    dzelzs veselībairon health
    dzelzs rakstursiron nature, character
    dzelzs gribairon will
    dzelzs disciplīnairon discipline
    dzelzs loģikairon logics
    dzelzs kārtībairon order


Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzelzs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN