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 dzelzs on Latvian Wikipedia


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *geleź-, gelēź-, gelēźa-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰelgʰ-(iron) (which was apparently borrowed from Asia Minor). Initially the Latvian reflex was dzelzis, which still exists (as a masculine, 2nd declension, usually plural noun) with the meaning “piece(s) of iron”. Cognates include Lithuanian geležìs, Old Prussian gelso([gelzo]) (< *gelzā), Old Church Slavonic жєлѣзо(želězo), Russian железо(železo), and perhaps Ancient Greek χαλκός(khalkós, copper, bronze).[1]




Chemical element
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dzelzs f (6th declension)

  1. iron (metallic chemical element, with atomic number 26, with a wide range of uses in a variety of combinations)
    dzelzs rūda‎ ― iron ore
    dzelzs ieguve‎ ― iron mining
    dzelzs savienojumi‎ ― iron compounds
    dzelzs korozija‎ ― iron corrosion
  2. materials containing iron, iron alloys; (used adjectivally) made of such materials
    metināmā dzelzs‎ ― welding iron
    dzelzs vārti, durvis‎ ― iron gate, door
    dzelzs lūžņi‎ ― iron scraps
    izgatavots no dzelzs‎ ― made of iron
    dzelzs laikmets‎ ― the Iron Age
  3. (used adjectivally) very strong, resistant (of body, health, etc.); powerful, strong, unassailable (of will, character, etc.)
    dzelzs veselība‎ ― iron health
    dzelzs raksturs‎ ― iron nature, character
    dzelzs griba‎ ― iron will
    dzelzs disciplīna‎ ― iron discipline
    dzelzs loģika‎ ― iron logics
    dzelzs kārtība‎ ― iron order


Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzelzs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7