dzelzs

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Latvian[edit]

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 Dzelzs on Latvian Wikipedia

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *geleź-, gelēź-, gelēźa-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰelgʰ- ‎(iron) (which was apparently borrowed from Asia Minor). Initially the Latvian reflex was dzelzis, which still exists (as a masculine, 2nd declension, usually plural noun) with the meaning “piece(s) of iron”. Cognates include Lithuanian geležìs, Old Prussian gelso ‎([gelzo]) (< *gelzā), Old Church Slavonic жєлѣзо ‎(želězo), Russian железо ‎(železo), and perhaps Ancient Greek χαλκός ‎(khalkós, copper, bronze).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

Chemical element
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dzelzs f (6th declension)

  1. iron (metallic chemical element, with atomic number 26, with a wide range of uses in a variety of combinations)
    dzelzs rūdairon ore
    dzelzs ieguveiron mining
    dzelzs savienojumiiron compounds
    dzelzs korozijairon corrosion
  2. materials containing iron, iron alloys; (used adjectivally) made of such materials
    metināmā dzelzs — welding iron
    dzelzs vārti, durvisiron gate, door
    dzelzs lūžņiiron scraps
    izgatavots no dzelzs — made of iron
    dzelzs laikmets — the Iron Age
  3. (used adjectivally) very strong, resistant (of body, health, etc.); powerful, strong, unassailable (of will, character, etc.)
    dzelzs veselībairon health
    dzelzs rakstursiron nature, character
    dzelzs gribairon will
    dzelzs disciplīnairon discipline
    dzelzs loģikairon logics
    dzelzs kārtībairon order

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzelzs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7