esamība

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: esamībā

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A word coined at the beginning of the 19th century, apparently from a (non-existing) present passive participle *esams (compare Lithuanian ẽsamas (being), Latvian esošs) +‎ -ība. J. Endzelīns considered the word wrong; in 1935, he proposed (unsuccesfully) esme and ira as replacements. A new, and still in use, synonym esība was coined in 1963.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

esamība f (4th declension)

  1. (philosophy) being, existence (the objectively existing world, independent from consciousness)
    esamības daudzveidībathe diversity of being, existence
    domāšanas attieksmes pret esamībuthe position, relation of thinking to being
    apziņa ir esamības atspoguļojumsconsciousness is the reflection of being, existence
  2. existence (the fact of existing)
    Ieva atvēra acis un priekā iekliedzās: “saule! saule!”; te šinī brīdī viņa izjuta absoluta skaistuma esamībuIeva opened (her) eyes and screamed with joy: “the sun! the sun!”; here in this moment she felt the existence of absolute beauty
    cilvēki jau sen pazīst vielas, kas ietekmē centrālās nervu sistēmas darbību un emocionālo sfēru; šādu vielu esamība norādīja uz iespējamo ceļu, kā regulēt cilvēka psihisko procesu norisipeople have long known substances that influence the working of the central nervous system and the emotional sphere; the existence of such substances pointed to a possible way of regulating the occurrence of mental processes
    patiesībā laiks, tāpat kā telpa, ir vienīgi matērijas esamības forma, kas nepastāv ārpus matērijas un izmainās līdz ar matērijas maiņāmin fact, time, like space, is only a form of existence of matter, which does not exist outside of matter and changes together with the changes in matter

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “esamība”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7