exsilio

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ex- +‎ salio.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

exsiliō (present infinitive exsilīre, perfect active exsiluī, supine exsilitum); fourth conjugation

  1. I spring, bound or leap out, up or forth
    • c. 125 CE – 180 CE, Apuleius, Metamorphoses 8.25
      Accepto tali sermone cogitabam subito velut lymphaticus exsilire, ut me ferocitate cernens exasperatum emptionem desineret.
      Hearing that, it crossed my mind to start leaping around like mad, so he’d give up the whole idea of buying me when he saw how savage I was when roused.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of exsilio (fourth conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exsiliō exsilīs exsilit exsilīmus exsilītis exsiliunt
imperfect exsiliēbam exsiliēbās exsiliēbat exsiliēbāmus exsiliēbātis exsiliēbant
future exsiliam exsiliēs exsiliet exsiliēmus exsiliētis exsilient
perfect exsiluī exsiluistī exsiluit exsiluimus exsiluistis exsiluērunt, exsiluēre
pluperfect exsilueram exsiluerās exsiluerat exsiluerāmus exsiluerātis exsiluerant
future perfect exsiluerō exsilueris exsiluerit exsiluerimus exsilueritis exsiluerint
passive present exsilior exsilīris, exsilīre exsilītur exsilīmur exsilīminī exsiliuntur
imperfect exsiliēbar exsiliēbāris, exsiliēbāre exsiliēbātur exsiliēbāmur exsiliēbāminī exsiliēbantur
future exsiliar exsiliēris, exsiliēre exsiliētur exsiliēmur exsiliēminī exsilientur
perfect exsilītus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect exsilītus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect exsilītus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exsiliam exsiliās exsiliat exsiliāmus exsiliātis exsiliant
imperfect exsilīrem exsilīrēs exsilīret exsilīrēmus exsilīrētis exsilīrent
perfect exsiluerim exsiluerīs exsiluerit exsiluerīmus exsiluerītis exsiluerint
pluperfect exsiluissem exsiluissēs exsiluisset exsiluissēmus exsiluissētis exsiluissent
passive present exsiliar exsiliāris, exsiliāre exsiliātur exsiliāmur exsiliāminī exsiliantur
imperfect exsilīrer exsilīrēris, exsilīrēre exsilīrētur exsilīrēmur exsilīrēminī exsilīrentur
perfect exsilītus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect exsilītus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present exsilī exsilīte
future exsilītō exsilītō exsilītōte exsiliuntō
passive present exsilīre exsilīminī
future exsilītor exsilītor exsiliuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives exsilīre exsiluisse exsilītūrus esse exsilīrī exsilītus esse exsilītum īrī
participles exsiliēns exsilītūrus exsilītus exsiliendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
exsilīre exsiliendī exsiliendō exsiliendum exsilītum exsilītū

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

exsiliō

  1. dative singular of exsilium
  2. ablative singular of exsilium

References[edit]

  • exsilio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • exsilio in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • exsilio” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to punish by banishment: aliquem exsilio afficere, multare
    • (ambiguous) to live in exile: in exsilio esse, exsulem esse