fiscus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fiscus (treasury)

Noun[edit]

fiscus

  1. A government treasury.
    • 1998, Klára Oppenheim & ‎Jenny Power, Hungarian Business Law, →ISBN, page 46:
      It generally applies to all taxes, stamp duties or other compulsory payments to state funds or local governments as well as any subsidies received from the central fiscus or state funds as long as the administration thereof is provided by the Tax and Financial Supervision Authority.
    • 1999, Ludwig von Bar, A History of Continental Criminal Law, →ISBN, page 18:
      Furthermore, it is shown by the fact that the State treasury (" fiscus ") could not be made a party to an action, and also, later, by the absolute power of the emperor.
    • 2002, Sue Eleanor Headlee, A Year Inside the Beltway: Making Economic Policy in Washington, →ISBN:
      For the first time in more than 30 years, the American fiscus was in a healthy state in the Fall of 2000.
    • 2012, Cees Bruggemans & ‎Elsebe' Loots, Economic Perspectives: Ruiterbosch Essays in honour of Peet Strydom, →ISBN:
      The soundness of the fiscal position enabled government to respond aggressively to the recent global financial crisis by raising spending and debt without compromising the long run sustainability of the fiscus.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown. De Vaan rejects connexions with findō (I cleave) and fidēlia (earthen pot)[1]; Beekes mentions obliquely the rhyme with rarer riscus, a likely Celtic borrowing into Latin and Greek[2].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fiscus m (genitive fiscī); second declension

  1. basket
  2. purse
  3. treasury (public revenues)

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative fiscus fiscī
genitive fiscī fiscōrum
dative fiscō fiscīs
accusative fiscum fiscōs
ablative fiscō fiscīs
vocative fisce fiscī

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 223
  2. ^ Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 1288