From Old French galingal, from Arabic قَالَنْجَان (qālanjān) (cognate with Persian قولنجان (kūlinjān), Sanskrit कुलञ्जन (kulañjana)), perhaps from Chinese 高良薑 (read gāoliángjiāng in modern Mandarin), from 高良 (a district in China) + 薑 (“ginger”).
galangal (plural galangals)
- Any of several east Asian plants of the ginger family, used as a spice, but principally Alpinia galanga.
2008, Carol Selva Rajah, David Thompson, Heavenly Fragrance, page 144:
- The refreshing aroma of galangal acts in combination with and as a contrast to lemongrass in many recipes in this book.