From Old French galingal, from Arabic قَالَنْجَان (qālanjān) (cognate with Persian قولنجان (qulinjân), Sanskrit कुलञ्जन (kulañjana)), perhaps from Chinese 高良薑／高良姜 (gāoliángjiāng), from 高涼 (a prefecture or county in China) + 薑 (“ginger”).
- Any of several east Asian plants of the ginger family, used as a spice, but principally Alpinia galanga.
2008, Carol Selva Rajah, David Thompson, Heavenly Fragrance, page 144:
- The refreshing aroma of galangal acts in combination with and as a contrast to lemongrass in many recipes in this book.
any of several plants of the ginger family