- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌɡleɪsɪˈɒlədʒi/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˌɡleɪʃiˈɑlədʒi/
- Hyphenation: gla‧ci‧o‧lo‧gy
- (geography) The study of ice and its effect on the landscape, especially the study of glaciers. [from late 19th c.]
1856, W. S.-Y., “Greenland”, in Thomas Stewart Traill, editor, The Encyclopædia Britannica, or Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature, volume XI, 8th edition, Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, OCLC 162676963, page 40, column 2:
- From this high position in latitude, explorations (furthered for a time by the effective aid of their Esquimaux dogs) were perseveringly made, and rewarded by results of the most interesting nature in geography, hydrography, and glaciology.
1989, L. A. Rasmussen, “Discussion”, in Surface Velocity Variations of the Lower Part of Columbia Glacier, Alaska, 1977–1981 (U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper; 1258-H), Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, OCLC 165507411, page H28:
- Until now, aerial photography had been used in glaciology only for mapping the glacier surface and the surface velocity field; other, much more expensive, methods have been used to determine the bed and mass balance.
1975, J[ohn] T. Andrews, Glacial Systems: An Approach to Glaciers and Their Environments (Environmental Systems), North Scituate, Mass.: Duxbury Press, OCLC 1323894, page 56:
- This general approach offers the possibility of reconstructing past glaciologies for a situation where (1) the outline of the glacier can be reconstructed, (2) the ELA [equilibrium line altitude] can be determined, (3) the area under the ELA can be measured, and (4) there is some information on the winter balance and ablation gradient of the former glacier.
1999, Peter J. Robinson; Ann Henderson-Sellers, “Moisture in the Atmosphere”, in Contemporary Climatology, 2nd edition, Abingdon, Oxon.; New York, N.Y.: Routledge, published 2014, ↑ISBN, page 56:
- In order to understand and predict the actions of water in the climate system it is useful to think of the water as being part of a distinct system, sometimes called the hydrological cycle […]. A complete understanding of this system would […] require excursions into geomorphology, pedology, botany, glaciology, oceanography and, if human structures are included as part of the Earth's surface, civil engineering.
2003, Adam Johnson, chapter 5, in Parasites Like Us, New York, N.Y.: Viking Books, ↑ISBN; republished London: Black Swan, 2014, ↑ISBN, page 152:
- I was leafing through deep-core glaciology results from Greenland's mid-rift when the telephone rang. It droned on forever before it finally quit and I could concentrate again. The Greenland data confirmed all the other studies: the earth suffered ninety thousand years of ice-age weather, then ten thousand years of warm, in a loop that repeated over and over, as far back as there was ice to record it.
Terms derived from glaciology
study of ice and its effect on the landscape