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See also: Grist



From Middle English grist, gryst, from Old English grist, gyrst (the action of grinding, corn for grinding, gnashing), from a derivative of Proto-Germanic *gredaną (to crunch), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrew- (to rub, grind). Cognate with Old Saxon gristgrimmo (gnashing of the teeth), German Griesgram (a grumbler, a grouch, peevishness, misery), Old English gristel (gristle).


  • IPA(key): /ɡɹɪst/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪst


grist (countable and uncountable, plural grists)

  1. Grain that is to be ground in a mill.
    • 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Energy”, in American Scientist, volume 101, number 4:
      Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With more settled people, animals were harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to turn grist into meal.
    • 1720, Jonathan Swift, The Works of the Rev. Jonathan Swift: An Essay on English Bubbles, volume 8:
      That it will, however, cause the subscribers to wish, in their minds, for many oaths to fly about, which is a heinous crime, and to lay stratagems to try the patience of men of all sorts; to put them upon the swearing strain, in order to bring grist to their own mill, which is a crime still more enormous; and that therefore, for fear of these evil consequences, the passing of such an act is not consistent with the really extraordinary and tender conscience of a true modern politician.
  2. (obsolete) A group of bees.
  3. (colloquial, obsolete) Supply; provision.
  4. (ropemaking) A given size of rope, common grist being a rope three inches in circumference, with twenty yarns in each of the three strands.

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grist (third-person singular simple present grists, present participle gristing, simple past and past participle gristed)

  1. (transitive) To grind in a mill.
    • 1861, Sessional Papers of the Parliament of the Province of Canada
      [] and another mill is erecting on the same stream near Sparrow Lake, to which a run of stones for gristing will be added.
    • 1892, Annual report of the Department of Indian Affairs (page 70)
      [] it cleaned out two hundred and ten bushels called screenings; the balance was sold, gristed and used for seed.






  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of grissen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of grissen

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]



  1. past participle of grise




  1. supine of gristi