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Borrowed from Japanese 引きこもり (literally pulling inward, being confined) and is often translated as “acute social withdrawal” or shut-in.


hikikomori (countable and uncountable, plural hikikomori or hikikomoris)

  1. (uncountable) A Japanese phenomenon whereby an individual becomes a recluse from society, typically remaining isolated in a single room at home for a very long period.
  2. (countable) A reclusive person of this kind.
    • [2018 November 13, Kate Julian, “Why Are Young People Having So Little Sex?”, in The Atlantic[1]:
      The new taxonomy of Japanese sexlessness also includes terms for groups such as hikikomori (“shut-ins”), parasaito shinguru (“parasite singles,” people who live with their parents beyond their 20s), and otaku (“obsessive fans,” especially of anime and manga)—all of whom are said to contribute to sekkusu shinai shokogun (“celibacy syndrome”).]
    • 2019 June 6, Motoko Rich, “Japan’s Extreme Recluses Already Faced Stigma. Now, After Knifings, They’re Feared.”, in The New York Times[2], →ISSN:
      Many prefectural governments operate support centers for families of hikikomori, but they are staffed by nonspecialists. The priority is to help prise hikikomori out of their rooms and get them back to work, a solution that may leave psychological issues unaddressed.


See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]



Borrowed from Japanese 引きこもり (hikikomori).


  • IPA(key): /xi.ki.kɔˈmɔ.ri/
  • Rhymes: -ɔri
  • Syllabification: hi‧ki‧ko‧mo‧ri


hikikomori n (indeclinable)

  1. hikikomori

Further reading[edit]

  • hikikomori in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • hikikomori in Polish dictionaries at PWN