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  • (verb) IPA(key): /ɪnˈdjʊɹeɪt/
    • (file)
  • (adjective) IPA(key): /ɪnˈdjʊɹət/


indurate (third-person singular simple present indurates, present participle indurating, simple past and past participle indurated)

  1. To harden or to grow hard.
    • 1924, Herman Melville, Billy Budd, London: Constable & Co., Chapter 2, [1]
      The ear, small and shapely, the arch of the foot, the curve in mouth and nostril, even the indurated hand dyed to the orange-tawny of the toucan's bill, a hand telling alike of the halyards and tar-bucket [] all this strangely indicated a lineage in direct contradiction to his lot.
    • 1970, Oliver Sacks, Migraine, London: Picador, 1995, Chapter 1, p. 15,
      The superficial temporal artery (or arteries) may become exquisitely tender to the touch and visibly indurated.
  2. To make callous or unfeeling.
  3. To inure; to strengthen; to make hardy or robust.
    • 1992, Saul Bellow, "Winter in Tuscany" in It All Adds Up: From the Dim Past to the Uncertain Future, New York: Viking, 1994, p. 257,
      The afternoon was not particularly warm: our noses and eyes were running; his were dry. He was evidently indurated against natural hardships.


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Derived terms[edit]



indurate (comparative more indurate, superlative most indurate)

  1. Hardened, obstinate, unfeeling, callous.
    The doctor removed a lot of indurate skin from his wound.
    • 1528 (originally published, the wording in the quotation is from a later version), William Tyndale, The Obedience of a Christian Man
      Now are they indurate and tough as Pharaoh, and will not bow unto any right way or order.






  1. second-person plural present indicative of indurare
  2. second-person plural imperative of indurare
  3. feminine plural of indurato





  1. vocative masculine singular of indūrātus