kmet

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Serbo-Croatian kmȅt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kmet (plural kmets or kmetovi)

  1. (historical) A serf on the Balkan peninsula, especially one holding land under the estate system introduced by the Ottomans and retained in some areas by Austria-Hungary.
    • 1876, Arthur John Evans, Through Bosnia and Herzegovina On Foot:
      Suffering from this double disability, social and religious, the Christian ‘kmet,’ or tiller of the soil, is worse off than many a serf in our darkest ages, and lies as completely at the mercy of the Mahometan owner of the soil as if he were a slave.
    • 1997, Michael Palairet, The Balkan Economies c. 1800-1914, Cambridge 2002, p. 206:
      The authorities repeatedly emphasized that the kmet was not bound to his master, to counter allegations equating kmet tenure with servile status.
    • 2012, Christopher Clark, The Sleepwalkers, Penguin 2013, p. 74:
      In any case, the Serbian kmets who remained within the old estate system on the eve of the First World War were not especially badly off by the standards of early twentieth-century peasant Europe []

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kъmetь, from Latin comes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kmet m

  1. very old man
    Synonym: → stařec

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kъmetь, from Latin comes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kmȅt m (Cyrillic spelling кме̏т)

  1. (historical) serf, peon (a working peasant on lord's estate)
  2. peasant, villager
  3. village major or leader

Declension[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *kъmetь, from Latin comes.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kmȅt m anim

  1. peasant
  2. (chess) pawn

Inflection[edit]

Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. kmèt
gen. sing. kméta
singular dual plural
nominative kmèt kméta kmétje
kméti
accusative kméta kméta kméte
genitive kméta kmétov kmétov
dative kmétu kmétoma kmétom
locative kmétu kmétih kmétih
instrumental kmétom kmétoma kméti