kolej

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See also: kolaj and kolèj

Czech

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Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈkolɛj]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Hyphenation: ko‧lej

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Old Czech kolejě, from Proto-Slavic *kolěja.

Noun

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kolej f

  1. rut, track, groove
  2. railway track
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Latin collēgium.

Noun

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kolej f

  1. hall of residence
Declension
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Further reading

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  • kolej in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • kolej in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • kolej in Internetová jazyková příručka

Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Polish koleja, with an unexpected loss of -a.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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kolej f (related adjective kolejowy)

  1. (countable) rail, railway (transport system using rails used to move passengers or goods)
    Synonyms: kolej żelazna, droga żelazna
  2. (countable) rail, railway (enterprise dealing with rail transportation)
    Polskie Koleje PaństwowePolish State Railways
  3. (countable) train (vehicle that moves on rails)
    Synonym: pociąg
  4. (countable) rail (route designated by tracks)
  5. (countable) rail, railway (wagons or lifts placed on a rope or tracks that lead to a mountain peak)
  6. (uncountable) turn (appropriate time for a person to take an action i.e. in a game) [+ na (accusative) = for whom/what]
    Near-synonym: pora
    Jest twoja kolej.It's your turn.
  7. (chiefly in the plural) order (natural sequence of events)
    Near-synonym: następstwo
  8. (countable, obsolete) rut (furrow, groove, or track worn in the ground)
    Synonym: koleina
  9. (countable, obsolete) hairdo (particular way in which one places their hair)

Declension

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Derived terms

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adjectives
adverbs
nouns
verbs
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nouns

Trivia

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According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), kolej is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 33 times in scientific texts, 29 times in news, 18 times in essays, 26 times in fiction, and 6 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 112 times, making it the 548th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

References

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  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990) “kolej”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language]‎[1] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków, Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 183

Further reading

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  • kolej in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • kolej in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • Maria Renata Mayenowa, Stanisław Rospond, Witold Taszycki, Stefan Hrabec, Władysław Kuraszkiewicz (2010-2023) “kolej”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish]
  • KOLEJ”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 01.12.2010
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814) “kolej”, in Słownik języka polskiego[2]
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861) “kolej”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861[3]
  • J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1902), “kolej”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 2, Warsaw, page 398

Turkish

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Etymology

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Borrowed from French collège.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [koleʒ]
  • Hyphenation: ko‧lej

Noun

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kolej (definite accusative koleji, plural kolejler)

  1. (art) college

Declension

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Inflection
Nominative kolej
Definite accusative koleji
Singular Plural
Nominative kolej kolejler
Definite accusative koleji kolejleri
Dative koleje kolejlere
Locative kolejde kolejlerde
Ablative kolejden kolejlerden
Genitive kolejin kolejlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular kolejim kolejlerim
2nd singular kolejin kolejlerin
3rd singular koleji kolejleri
1st plural kolejimiz kolejlerimiz
2nd plural kolejiniz kolejleriniz
3rd plural kolejleri kolejleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular kolejimi kolejlerimi
2nd singular kolejini kolejlerini
3rd singular kolejini kolejlerini
1st plural kolejimizi kolejlerimizi
2nd plural kolejinizi kolejlerinizi
3rd plural kolejlerini kolejlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular kolejime kolejlerime
2nd singular kolejine kolejlerine
3rd singular kolejine kolejlerine
1st plural kolejimize kolejlerimize
2nd plural kolejinize kolejlerinize
3rd plural kolejlerine kolejlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular kolejimde kolejlerimde
2nd singular kolejinde kolejlerinde
3rd singular kolejinde kolejlerinde
1st plural kolejimizde kolejlerimizde
2nd plural kolejinizde kolejlerinizde
3rd plural kolejlerinde kolejlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular kolejimden kolejlerimden
2nd singular kolejinden kolejlerinden
3rd singular kolejinden kolejlerinden
1st plural kolejimizden kolejlerimizden
2nd plural kolejinizden kolejlerinizden
3rd plural kolejlerinden kolejlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular kolejimin kolejlerimin
2nd singular kolejinin kolejlerinin
3rd singular kolejinin kolejlerinin
1st plural kolejimizin kolejlerimizin
2nd plural kolejinizin kolejlerinizin
3rd plural kolejlerinin kolejlerinin

References

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