lobola

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Xhosa lobola, Zulu lobola (pay dowry).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lobola (countable and uncountable, plural lobolas)

  1. (South Africa) The bride price among certain Bantu peoples of South Africa.
    • 1948, Alan Paton, Cry, the Beloved Country, New York: Scribner, Chapter 33, p. 253,[1]
      Some must give up their ground for trees, and some for pastures. And hardest of all would be the custom of lobola, by which a man pays for his wife in cattle, for people kept too many cattle for this purpose, and counted all their wealth in cattle, so that the grass had no chance to recover.
    • 1979, André Brink, A Dry White Season, Vintage 1998, p. 38:
      All the money he'd brought with him had gone into lobola – the dowry for a wife […].
    • 1994, Nelson Mandela, Long Walk to Freedom, Abacus 2010, p. 213:
      My sister Baliwe, who was older than Mabel, had been engaged to be married, and lobola had already been paid.

Translations[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Noun[edit]

lobola (plural [please provide])

  1. bride price, especially that traditional among some Bantu peoples

Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-lobola?

  1. (intransitive) to pay dowry

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukulobola
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukulobola ukungaloboli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular lobola lobole
Plural lobolani loboleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyalobola, ngilobola engiyalobola, engilobola ngilobola angiloboli engingaloboli ngingaloboli
2nd singular uyalobola, ulobola oyalobola, olobola ulobola awuloboli ongaloboli ungaloboli
1st plural siyalobola, silobola esiyalobola, esilobola silobola asiloboli esingaloboli singaloboli
2nd plural niyalobola, nilobola eniyalobola, enilobola nilobola aniloboli eningaloboli ningaloboli
Class 1 uyalobola, ulobola oyalobola, olobola elobola akaloboli ongaloboli engaloboli
Class 2 bayalobola, balobola abayalobola, abalobola belobola abaloboli abangaloboli bengaloboli
Class 3 uyalobola, ulobola oyalobola, olobola ulobola awuloboli ongaloboli ungaloboli
Class 4 iyalobola, ilobola eyalobola, elobola ilobola ayiloboli engaloboli ingaloboli
Class 5 liyalobola, lilobola eliyalobola, elilobola lilobola aliloboli elingaloboli lingaloboli
Class 6 ayalobola, alobola ayalobola, alobola elobola awaloboli angaloboli engaloboli
Class 7 siyalobola, silobola esiyalobola, esilobola silobola asiloboli esingaloboli singaloboli
Class 8 ziyalobola, zilobola eziyalobola, ezilobola zilobola aziloboli ezingaloboli zingaloboli
Class 9 iyalobola, ilobola eyalobola, elobola ilobola ayiloboli engaloboli ingaloboli
Class 10 ziyalobola, zilobola eziyalobola, ezilobola zilobola aziloboli ezingaloboli zingaloboli
Class 11 luyalobola, lulobola oluyalobola, olulobola lulobola aluloboli olungaloboli lungaloboli
Class 14 buyalobola, bulobola obuyalobola, obulobola bulobola abuloboli obungaloboli bungaloboli
Class 15 kuyalobola, kulobola okuyalobola, okulobola kulobola akuloboli okungaloboli kungaloboli
Class 17 kuyalobola, kulobola okuyalobola, okulobola kulobola akuloboli okungaloboli kungaloboli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngilobolile, ngilobolē engilobolile, engilobolē ngilobolile, ngilobolē angilobolanga engingalobolanga ngingalobolanga
2nd singular ulobolile, ulobolē olobolile, olobolē ulobolile, ulobolē awulobolanga ongalobolanga ungalobolanga
1st plural silobolile, silobolē esilobolile, esilobolē silobolile, silobolē asilobolanga esingalobolanga singalobolanga
2nd plural nilobolile, nilobolē enilobolile, enilobolē nilobolile, nilobolē anilobolanga eningalobolanga ningalobolanga
Class 1 ulobolile, ulobolē olobolile, olobolē elobolile, elobolē akalobolanga ongalobolanga engalobolanga
Class 2 balobolile, balobolē abalobolile, abalobolē belobolile, belobolē abalobolanga abangalobolanga bengalobolanga
Class 3 ulobolile, ulobolē olobolile, olobolē ulobolile, ulobolē awulobolanga ongalobolanga ungalobolanga
Class 4 ilobolile, ilobolē elobolile, elobolē ilobolile, ilobolē ayilobolanga engalobolanga ingalobolanga
Class 5 lilobolile, lilobolē elilobolile, elilobolē lilobolile, lilobolē alilobolanga elingalobolanga lingalobolanga
Class 6 alobolile, alobolē alobolile, alobolē elobolile, elobolē awalobolanga angalobolanga engalobolanga
Class 7 silobolile, silobolē esilobolile, esilobolē silobolile, silobolē asilobolanga esingalobolanga singalobolanga
Class 8 zilobolile, zilobolē ezilobolile, ezilobolē zilobolile, zilobolē azilobolanga ezingalobolanga zingalobolanga
Class 9 ilobolile, ilobolē elobolile, elobolē ilobolile, ilobolē ayilobolanga engalobolanga ingalobolanga
Class 10 zilobolile, zilobolē ezilobolile, ezilobolē zilobolile, zilobolē azilobolanga ezingalobolanga zingalobolanga
Class 11 lulobolile, lulobolē olulobolile, olulobolē lulobolile, lulobolē alulobolanga olungalobolanga lungalobolanga
Class 14 bulobolile, bulobolē obulobolile, obulobolē bulobolile, bulobolē abulobolanga obungalobolanga bungalobolanga
Class 15 kulobolile, kulobolē okulobolile, okulobolē kulobolile, kulobolē akulobolanga okungalobolanga kungalobolanga
Class 17 kulobolile, kulobolē okulobolile, okulobolē kulobolile, kulobolē akulobolanga okungalobolanga kungalobolanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngālobola engālobola ngālobola angilobolanga engingalobolanga ngingalobolanga
2nd singular wālobola owālobola wālobola awulobolanga ongalobolanga ungalobolanga
1st plural sālobola esālobola sālobola asilobolanga esingalobolanga singalobolanga
2nd plural nālobola enālobola nālobola anilobolanga eningalobolanga ningalobolanga
Class 1 wālobola owālobola ālobola akalobolanga ongalobolanga engalobolanga
Class 2 bālobola abālobola bālobola abalobolanga abangalobolanga bengalobolanga
Class 3 wālobola owālobola wālobola awulobolanga ongalobolanga ungalobolanga
Class 4 yālobola eyālobola yālobola ayilobolanga engalobolanga ingalobolanga
Class 5 lālobola elālobola lālobola alilobolanga elingalobolanga lingalobolanga
Class 6 ālobola ālobola ālobola awalobolanga angalobolanga engalobolanga
Class 7 sālobola esālobola sālobola asilobolanga esingalobolanga singalobolanga
Class 8 zālobola ezālobola zālobola azilobolanga ezingalobolanga zingalobolanga
Class 9 yālobola eyālobola yālobola ayilobolanga engalobolanga ingalobolanga
Class 10 zālobola ezālobola zālobola azilobolanga ezingalobolanga zingalobolanga
Class 11 lwālobola olwālobola lwālobola alulobolanga olungalobolanga lungalobolanga
Class 14 bālobola obālobola bālobola abulobolanga obungalobolanga bungalobolanga
Class 15 kwālobola okwālobola kwālobola akulobolanga okungalobolanga kungalobolanga
Class 17 kwālobola okwālobola kwālobola akulobolanga okungalobolanga kungalobolanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingalobola ngingalobola ngingelobole ngingelobole
2nd singular ungalobola ungalobola ungelobole ungelobole
1st plural singalobola singalobola singelobole singelobole
2nd plural ningalobola ningalobola ningelobole ningelobole
Class 1 angalobola engalobola angelobole engelobole
Class 2 bangalobola bengalobola bangelobole bengelobole
Class 3 ungalobola ungalobola ungelobole ungelobole
Class 4 ingalobola ingalobola ingelobole ingelobole
Class 5 lingalobola lingalobola lingelobole lingelobole
Class 6 angalobola engalobola angelobole engelobole
Class 7 singalobola singalobola singelobole singelobole
Class 8 zingalobola zingalobola zingelobole zingelobole
Class 9 ingalobola ingalobola ingelobole ingelobole
Class 10 zingalobola zingalobola zingelobole zingelobole
Class 11 lungalobola lungalobola lungelobole lungelobole
Class 14 bungalobola bungalobola bungelobole bungelobole
Class 15 kungalobola kungalobola kungelobole kungelobole
Class 17 kungalobola kungalobola kungelobole kungelobole
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizolobola engizolobola ngizolobola angizulobola ngingezulobola
2nd singular uzolobola ozolobola uzolobola awuzulobola ungezulobola
1st plural sizolobola esizolobola sizolobola asizulobola singezulobola
2nd plural nizolobola enizolobola nizolobola anizulobola ningezulobola
Class 1 uzolobola ozolobola ezolobola akazulobola engezulobola
Class 2 bazolobola abazolobola bezolobola abazulobola bengezulobola
Class 3 uzolobola ozolobola uzolobola awuzulobola ungezulobola
Class 4 izolobola ezolobola izolobola ayizulobola ingezulobola
Class 5 lizolobola elizolobola lizolobola alizulobola lingezulobola
Class 6 azolobola azolobola ezolobola awazulobola engezulobola
Class 7 sizolobola esizolobola sizolobola asizulobola singezulobola
Class 8 zizolobola ezizolobola zizolobola azizulobola zingezulobola
Class 9 izolobola ezolobola izolobola ayizulobola ingezulobola
Class 10 zizolobola ezizolobola zizolobola azizulobola zingezulobola
Class 11 luzolobola oluzolobola luzolobola aluzulobola lungezulobola
Class 14 buzolobola obuzolobola buzolobola abuzulobola bungezulobola
Class 15 kuzolobola okuzolobola kuzolobola akuzulobola kungezulobola
Class 17 kuzolobola okuzolobola kuzolobola akuzulobola kungezulobola
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyolobola engiyolobola ngiyolobola angiyulobola ngingeyulobola
2nd singular uyolobola oyolobola uyolobola awuyulobola ungeyulobola
1st plural siyolobola esiyolobola siyolobola asiyulobola singeyulobola
2nd plural niyolobola eniyolobola niyolobola aniyulobola ningeyulobola
Class 1 uyolobola oyolobola eyolobola akayulobola engeyulobola
Class 2 bayolobola abayolobola beyolobola abayulobola bengeyulobola
Class 3 uyolobola oyolobola uyolobola awuyulobola ungeyulobola
Class 4 iyolobola eyolobola iyolobola ayiyulobola ingeyulobola
Class 5 liyolobola eliyolobola liyolobola aliyulobola lingeyulobola
Class 6 ayolobola ayolobola eyolobola awayulobola engeyulobola
Class 7 siyolobola esiyolobola siyolobola asiyulobola singeyulobola
Class 8 ziyolobola eziyolobola ziyolobola aziyulobola zingeyulobola
Class 9 iyolobola eyolobola iyolobola ayiyulobola ingeyulobola
Class 10 ziyolobola eziyolobola ziyolobola aziyulobola zingeyulobola
Class 11 luyolobola oluyolobola luyolobola aluyulobola lungeyulobola
Class 14 buyolobola obuyolobola buyolobola abuyulobola bungeyulobola
Class 15 kuyolobola okuyolobola kuyolobola akuyulobola kungeyulobola
Class 17 kuyolobola okuyolobola kuyolobola akuyulobola kungeyulobola
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngilobole ngingaloboli
2nd singular ulobole ungaloboli
1st plural silobole singaloboli
2nd plural nilobole ningaloboli
Class 1 alobole angaloboli
Class 2 balobole bangaloboli
Class 3 ulobole ungaloboli
Class 4 ilobole ingaloboli
Class 5 lilobole lingaloboli
Class 6 alobole angaloboli
Class 7 silobole singaloboli
Class 8 zilobole zingaloboli
Class 9 ilobole ingaloboli
Class 10 zilobole zingaloboli
Class 11 lulobole lungaloboli
Class 14 bulobole bungaloboli
Class 15 kulobole kungaloboli
Class 17 kulobole kungaloboli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngalobola angilobola
2nd singular walobola awulobola
1st plural salobola asilobola
2nd plural nalobola anilobola
Class 1 walobola akalobola
Class 2 balobola abalobola
Class 3 walobola awulobola
Class 4 yalobola ayilobola
Class 5 lalobola alilobola
Class 6 alobola awalobola
Class 7 salobola asilobola
Class 8 zalobola azilobola
Class 9 yalobola ayilobola
Class 10 zalobola azilobola
Class 11 lwalobola alulobola
Class 14 balobola abulobola
Class 15 kwalobola akulobola
Class 17 kwalobola akulobola

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]