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Etymology 1[edit]

luja (strong, solid, tough) +‎ -ntaa (factitive aspect)


  • IPA(key): /ˈlujentɑːˣ/, [ˈluje̞n̪t̪ɑ̝ː(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ujentɑː
  • Syllabification(key): lu‧jen‧taa


lujentaa (rare)

  1. (transitive) to strengthen
Inflection of lujentaa (Kotus type 54*J/huutaa, nt-nn gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. lujennan en lujenna 1st sing. olen lujentanut en ole lujentanut
2nd sing. lujennat et lujenna 2nd sing. olet lujentanut et ole lujentanut
3rd sing. lujentaa ei lujenna 3rd sing. on lujentanut ei ole lujentanut
1st plur. lujennamme emme lujenna 1st plur. olemme lujentaneet emme ole lujentaneet
2nd plur. lujennatte ette lujenna 2nd plur. olette lujentaneet ette ole lujentaneet
3rd plur. lujentavat eivät lujenna 3rd plur. ovat lujentaneet eivät ole lujentaneet
passive lujennetaan ei lujenneta passive on lujennettu ei ole lujennettu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. lujensin en lujentanut 1st sing. olin lujentanut en ollut lujentanut
2nd sing. lujensit et lujentanut 2nd sing. olit lujentanut et ollut lujentanut
3rd sing. lujensi ei lujentanut 3rd sing. oli lujentanut ei ollut lujentanut
1st plur. lujensimme emme lujentaneet 1st plur. olimme lujentaneet emme olleet lujentaneet
2nd plur. lujensitte ette lujentaneet 2nd plur. olitte lujentaneet ette olleet lujentaneet
3rd plur. lujensivat eivät lujentaneet 3rd plur. olivat lujentaneet eivät olleet lujentaneet
passive lujennettiin ei lujennettu passive oli lujennettu ei ollut lujennettu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. lujentaisin en lujentaisi 1st sing. olisin lujentanut en olisi lujentanut
2nd sing. lujentaisit et lujentaisi 2nd sing. olisit lujentanut et olisi lujentanut
3rd sing. lujentaisi ei lujentaisi 3rd sing. olisi lujentanut ei olisi lujentanut
1st plur. lujentaisimme emme lujentaisi 1st plur. olisimme lujentaneet emme olisi lujentaneet
2nd plur. lujentaisitte ette lujentaisi 2nd plur. olisitte lujentaneet ette olisi lujentaneet
3rd plur. lujentaisivat eivät lujentaisi 3rd plur. olisivat lujentaneet eivät olisi lujentaneet
passive lujennettaisiin ei lujennettaisi passive olisi lujennettu ei olisi lujennettu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. lujenna älä lujenna 2nd sing.
3rd sing. lujentakoon älköön lujentako 3rd sing. olkoon lujentanut älköön olko lujentanut
1st plur. lujentakaamme älkäämme lujentako 1st plur.
2nd plur. lujentakaa älkää lujentako 2nd plur.
3rd plur. lujentakoot älkööt lujentako 3rd plur. olkoot lujentaneet älkööt olko lujentaneet
passive lujennettakoon älköön lujennettako passive olkoon lujennettu älköön olko lujennettu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. lujentanen en lujentane 1st sing. lienen lujentanut en liene lujentanut
2nd sing. lujentanet et lujentane 2nd sing. lienet lujentanut et liene lujentanut
3rd sing. lujentanee ei lujentane 3rd sing. lienee lujentanut ei liene lujentanut
1st plur. lujentanemme emme lujentane 1st plur. lienemme lujentaneet emme liene lujentaneet
2nd plur. lujentanette ette lujentane 2nd plur. lienette lujentaneet ette liene lujentaneet
3rd plur. lujentanevat eivät lujentane 3rd plur. lienevät lujentaneet eivät liene lujentaneet
passive lujennettaneen ei lujennettane passive lienee lujennettu ei liene lujennettu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st lujentaa present lujentava lujennettava
long 1st1
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st lujentaakseni lujentaaksemme
2nd lujentaaksesi lujentaaksenne
3rd lujentaakseen
past lujentanut lujennettu
2nd inessive2 lujentaessa lujennettaessa agent3 lujentama
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st lujentaessani lujentaessamme
2nd lujentaessasi lujentaessanne
3rd lujentaessaan
negative lujentamaton
instructive lujentaen 1) Used only with a possessive suffix.

2) Usually with a possessive suffix (active only).
3) Usually with a possessive suffix. Not used with intransitive verbs. Distinct from nouns with the -ma suffix and third infinitive forms.
4) Some uses of the verbal noun are called the 'fourth infinitive' by certain sources (more details).
* The third-person singular indicative form lujentaa does not exhibit final gemination,
unlike the first infinitive (the lemma form), even though they are spelled identically.

3rd inessive lujentamassa
elative lujentamasta
illative lujentamaan
adessive lujentamalla
abessive lujentamatta
instructive lujentaman lujennettaman
4th4 verbal noun lujentaminen
Possessive forms
Person sing. plur.
1st lujentamaisillani lujentamaisillamme
2nd lujentamaisillasi lujentamaisillanne
3rd lujentamaisillaan
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


  • IPA(key): /ˈlujentɑː/, [ˈluje̞n̪t̪ɑ̝ː]
  • Rhymes: -ujentɑː
  • Syllabification(key): lu‧jen‧taa



  1. third-person singular present indicative of lujentaa