madár

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See also: madar, mãdar, and Maďar

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

No generally accepted origin.[1] Derivation as an old compound *muntVrV*muna-tojV-rV, 'egg-laying one' (compare mony (egg) and tojik (to lay eggs)), has been proposed.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmɒdaːr]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aːr
  • Hyphenation: ma‧dár

Noun[edit]

madár (plural madarak)

  1. bird, fowl

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative madár madarak
accusative madarat madarakat
dative madárnak madaraknak
instrumental madárral madarakkal
causal-final madárért madarakért
translative madárrá madarakká
terminative madárig madarakig
essive-formal madárként madarakként
essive-modal
inessive madárban madarakban
superessive madáron madarakon
adessive madárnál madaraknál
illative madárba madarakba
sublative madárra madarakra
allative madárhoz madarakhoz
elative madárból madarakból
delative madárról madarakról
ablative madártól madaraktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
madáré madaraké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
madáréi madarakéi
Possessive forms of madár
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. madaram madaraim
2nd person sing. madarad madaraid
3rd person sing. madara madarai
1st person plural madarunk madaraink
2nd person plural madaratok madaraitok
3rd person plural madaruk madaraik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words with this term at the beginning
Compound words with this term at the end
Expressions

References[edit]

  1. ^ madár in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  2. ^ Abondolo, Daniel. 2007. "Phonosemantic subsets in the lexicon: Hungarian avian nomenclature and l'arbitraire du signe". Central Europe 5/1, 3–23.

Further reading[edit]