metus

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Esperanto[edit]

Verb[edit]

metus

  1. conditional of meti

Ido[edit]

Verb[edit]

metus

  1. conditional of metar

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

metus m (genitive metūs); fourth declension

  1. fear, dread
    Synonyms: terror, timor, pavor
    • 8 CE – 12 CE, Ovid, Tristia 1.43-44:
      carminibus metus omnis obest; perditus ēnsem
      haesūrum iugulō iam putō iamque meō.
      Every fear is harmful to [writing] verses; I have already been destroyed, and now I suspect a sword will be stuck in my throat.
      (Even though the poet had been sentenced to live in exile he still feared for his life.)
  2. anxiety, awe

Declension[edit]

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative metus metūs
Genitive metūs metuum
Dative metuī metibus
Accusative metum metūs
Ablative metū metibus
Vocative metus metūs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • metus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • metus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • metus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be comprised under the term 'fear.: sub metum subiectum esse
    • a man is paralysed with fear: metus aliquem exanimat (Mil. 24. 65)
    • to grow pale with fear: exalbescere metu
    • to be completely prostrated by fear: metu fractum et debilitatum, perculsum esse
    • to recover from one's fright: a metu respirare (Cluent. 70. 200)
    • to recover from one's fright: ex metu se recreare, se colligere
  • Walther von Wartburg (1928–2002), “mĕtus”, in Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 6/2: Mercatio–Mneme, page 62
  • Joan Coromines; José A. Pascual (1983–1991), “miedo”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos, page 66