mjw

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Egyptian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Most likely onomatopoeic, from the animal’s cry (meow). Compare Chinese (māo), Lao ແມວ (mǣu).

Other hypotheses connect it to Proto-Afro-Asiatic *m-r or *m-l, the former on the basis of Alagwa mariy-amo (wild cat), Lamé Ngete mēr (serval) and méríán (wild cat), Pévé merian (wild cat, serval), Zime-Dari Pévé mīēr (genette), and the latter on the basis of Musgu ámíl (African civet), Bedanga Sokoro melā (cat). Either one of these could also be plausibly connected with the ancestor of Egyptian mꜣj (lion).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Reconstructed) IPA(key): /mi(ʀ)juw/

Noun[edit]

mi i w E13

 m

  1. (male) cat; tomcat
    • c. 332-30 BCE,, Book of the Dead of Iuefankh, chapter 17, lines 45-46 (pTurin Museo Egizio 1791):
      nw
      k
      Z1 mi i w E13 p
      f
      i i aA
      a
      Y1
      n
      t y
      Hr Z1
      p
      S
      t Z1
      i S
      d
      M1 r
      Aa16 Z1
      f
      im
      iwn nw
      niwt
      g
      r
      H w N2 ra Z1 p
      f
      i i n
      aHA
      Z9
      D40
      a
      Z1
      ir
      t
      A47 A W D40 s b i w

      A13
      Z2
      h
      r
      w ra Z1 p
      f
      i i n H st m gb t
      nDs
      x&f&t A14
      Z2
      nw Z1
      nb
      Dr
      r
      A40 i m f
      jnk mjw pfy ꜥꜣ ntj ḥr p(s)š.t jšd r-gs.f m jwnw grḥ pfy n(j) ꜥḥꜣ-ꜥ(w) jrj.t zꜣw(t) sbjw
      hrw pfy n(j) ḥtm.t ḫftjw nw nb (r) ḏr jm.f
      I am that great tomcat beside whom the desert date tree was split in Heliopolis on that night of battle and the guarding of rebels,
      on that day on which the enemies of the Lord of All were destroyed.

Inflection[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • mjwt (female cat)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Takács, Gábor (1999-2008), “mj.w & mj.t”, in Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, ISBN 9789004115385, page 134