-w

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Egyptian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly derived from a lengthened form of Proto-Afro-Asiatic *-u (nominative case marker).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Suffix[edit]

w
  1. Used to form the masculine plural forms of nouns and adjectives
Usage notes[edit]

The plural is occasionally represented by writing the phonetic or determinative glyph three times, e.g. tꜣw:

N16
N16
N16
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Afro-Asiatic *-u (nominative case marker).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Suffix[edit]

w
  1. Forms a-stem masculine nouns from roots.
    ḥfꜣ-ḥfꜣw ((male) snake)
  2. Forms u-stem masculine nouns from roots.
    hrw-hrw(w) (day)
Usage notes[edit]

In good orthography, -w is written with a-stem nouns but left unwritten with u-stem nouns, hence hrww, rꜥw are written hrw, rꜥ.

Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

w
  1. Forms agent nouns from verbs.

Etymology 4[edit]

Suffix[edit]

w
  1. Forms adverbs from certain adjectives; -ly
  2. Forms prepositional adverbs from certain prepositions.

Etymology 5[edit]

Suffix[edit]

w
  1. Forms the negatival complement of all verbs except geminate and anomalous verbs.
Usage notes[edit]

Often this ending is entirely omitted.

Etymology 6[edit]

Suffix[edit]

w
  1. Forms the prospective of all verbs except second geminate, strong bi- and triliteral, and (usually) anomalous verbs.
  2. Forms the prospective passive of all verbs except fourth weak, strong bi- and triliteral, and (usually) anomalous verbs.
  3. Forms the perfect passive of all verbs except second geminate verbs.
Usage notes[edit]

Often this ending is entirely omitted.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Suffix[edit]

w
  1. Optionally marks the masculine singular imperfective passive participle, intervening between the stem and the gender/number endings.
  2. Optionally marks the masculine singular imperfective relative form of all verbs, intervening between the stem and the gender/number endings.
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Suffix[edit]

w
  1. Optionally marks the masculine singular perfective passive participle of strong verbs, intervening between the stem and the gender/number endings.
Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Allen, James (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, revised second edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 328–329, 354, etc.
  • Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 58–59, 251