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  1. nine


Latin numbers (edit)
90[a], [b]
 ←  8 IX
10  → 
    Cardinal: novem
    Ordinal: nōnus
    Adverbial: noviēs
    Multiplier: novemplus, novemplex, nonuplus, nonuplex, noncuplus, noncuplex, novemcuplus, novemcuplex
    Distributive: novēnī
    Fractional: nōnus
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Etymology 1[edit]

For *noven (contaminated by decem, original form preserved in nōnus < *h₁newnos), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁néwn̥. Cognates include Sanskrit नवन् (navan), Ancient Greek ἐννέα (ennéa) and Old English niġon (English nine).

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Symbol: IX


novem (indeclinable)

  1. nine; 9
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.262-264:
      perque novem luces expers undaeque cibique
      rore mero lacrimisque suis ieiunia pavit
      nec se movit humo
      For nine whole days she sat, tasting neither drink nor food,
      her hunger fed by naught save pure dew and tears,
      and moved not from the ground.
    • 397 CE – 401 CE, Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis, Confessions 4.1.1:
      per idem tempus annorum novem, ab undevicensimo anno aetatis meae usque ad duodetricensimum, seducebamur et seducebamus
      During this period of nine years, from my nineteenth year to my twenty-eighth, I went astray and led others astray.
    • 405, Jerome and others, Vulgate, Iosue 13:7
      et nunc divide terram in possessionem novem tribubus et dimidiae tribui Manasse
      Now therefore divide this land for an inheritance unto the nine tribes, and the half tribe of Manasseh
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
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Etymology 2[edit]

From novō (renew, refresh).



  1. first-person singular present active subjunctive of novō


  • novem in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • novem in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • novem in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN