partial order

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Hasse diagram of a set with the partial order "is divisible by"


partial order (plural partial orders)

  1. (set theory, order theory) A binary relation that is reflexive, antisymmetric, and transitive.
    • 1986, Kenneth R. Goodearl, Partially Ordered Abelian Groups with Interpolation, American Mathematical Society, Softcover reprint 2010, page xxi,
      A partial order on a set X is any reflexive, antisymmetric, transitive relation on X. In most cases, partial orders are denoted ≤.
    • 1999, Paul A. S. Ward, An Online Algorithm for Dimension-Bound Analysis, Patrick Amestoy, P. Berger, M. Daydé, I. Duff, V. Frayssé, L. Giraud, D. Ruiz (editors), Euro-Par ’99 Parallel Processing: 5th International Euro-Par Conference, Proceedings, Springer, LNCS 1685, page 144,
      The vector-clock size necessary to characterize causality in a distributed computation is bounded by the dimension of the partial order induced by that computation.
    • 2008, David Eppstein, Jean-Claude Falmagne, Sergei Ovchinnikov, Media Theory: Interdisciplinary Applied Mathematics, Springer, page 7,
      Consider an arbitrary finite set S. The family of all strict partial orders (asymmetric, transitive, cf. 1.8.3, p. 14) on S enjoys a remarkable property: any partial order P can be linked to any other partial order P’ by a sequence of steps each of which consists of changing the order either by adding one ordered pair of elements of S (imposing an ordering between two previously-incomparable elements) or by removing one ordered pair (causing two previously related elements to become incomparable), without ever leaving the family .




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Further reading[edit]


  • B. Dushnik and E. W. Miller, Partially Ordered Sets, Amer. J. Math. 63 (1941), 600-610.