partridge

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See also: Partridge

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English partrich, partriche, pertriche, perdriz, from Old French perdriz, partriz, from Latin perdīx (partridge), from Ancient Greek πέρδιξ (pérdix, partridge), probably from πέρδομαι (pérdomai, to fart).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpɑːtɹɪd͡ʒ/
  • (file)
  • (US) enPR: pärʹtrĭj, IPA(key): /ˈpɑɹtɹɪd͡ʒ/

Noun[edit]

partridge (plural partridges or partridge)

  1. (ornithology) Any bird of a number of genera in the family Phasianidae, notably in the genera Perdix and Alectoris.
    On the first day of Christmas, my true love sent to me a partridge in a pear tree.
    • 1834, Letitia Elizabeth Landon, Francesca Carrara, volume 3, page 80:
      ...and the loudest sound in the lonely fields was when, adventuring too near some late brood, the partridge sought to deceive by a plaintive cry and seeming helplessness, crossing before your very feet, till, when drawn to a sufficient distance, suddenly the air vibrated to the flutter of her active pinions.
  2. (obsolete, military) A type cannon charge composed of several missiles fired all together, similar to langrage or case-shot. Also a large cannon that shoots stones.

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