paynim

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • paynym (13th-18th centuries)

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman paienime, peinime et al., and Old French paienime, from Late Latin paganismus ‎(paganism), from Latin paganus ‎(pagan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

paynim ‎(plural paynims)

  1. (archaic) A pagan or heathen, especially a Muslim or Jew.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter xxxviij, in Le Morte Darthur, book IX:
      But there was one knyght that dyd merueyllously thre dayes / and he bare a black shelde / and of alle knyghtes that euer I sawe he preued the best knyȝt / thenne said Kyng mark that was syre launcelot or syre palomydes the paynym
    • 1530, Thomas More, The Confutation of Tyndale's Answer, Preface to the Christian reader :
      And if it be idolatry to do as the paynims did—make an idol “God”—it must needs be much worse idolatry to do as these heretics do,
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.3:
      To this his native soyle thou backe shalt bring, / Strongly to ayde his countrey to withstand / The powre of forreine Paynims which invade thy land.
    • 1964, Anthony Burgess, Nothing Like The Sun:
      St Helen’s bell rang reminders that she lived, a paynim or Mahometan, in the church’s shadow.