penus

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Esperanto[edit]

Verb[edit]

penus

  1. conditional of peni

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *peh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

penus m, f (variously declined, genitive penī or penūs); second declension, fourth declension
penus n (genitive penoris); third declension

  1. Provisions, food
  2. The innermost part of a temple of Vesta, the sanctuary

Declension[edit]

Second declension.
Case Singular Plural
nominative penus penī
genitive penī penōrum
dative penō penīs
accusative penum penōs
ablative penō penīs
vocative pene penī
Third declension neuter.
Case Singular Plural
nominative penus penora
genitive penoris penorum
dative penorī penoribus
accusative penus penora
ablative penore penoribus
vocative penus penora
Fourth declension.
Case Singular Plural
nominative penus penūs
genitive penūs penuum
dative penuī penibus
accusative penum penūs
ablative penū penibus
vocative penus penūs

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • penus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • penus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “penus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • penus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

peine +‎ -us

Adjective[edit]

penus m (oblique and nominative feminine singular penuse)

  1. painful
    • circa 1150, Unknown author, La Chanson de Roland:
      « Deus, » dist li reis, « si penuse est ma vie ! »
      "God!" said the king, "so painful is my life!"