phinda

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Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-phinda

  1. (transitive) to repeat

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Verb[edit]

-phinda

  1. to repeat, to do again
  2. to fold
  3. to duplicate, to copy
  4. to quote

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukuphinda
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukuphinda ukungaphindi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular phinda -phinde
Plural phindani -phindeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaphinda, ngiphinda engiphindayo, engiphinda ngiphinda angiphindi engingaphindi ngingaphindi
2nd singular uyaphinda, uphinda ophindayo, ophinda uphinda awuphindi ongaphindi ungaphindi
1st plural siyaphinda, siphinda esiphindayo, esiphinda siphinda asiphindi esingaphindi singaphindi
2nd plural niyaphinda, niphinda eniphindayo, eniphinda niphinda aniphindi eningaphindi ningaphindi
Class 1 uyaphinda, uphinda ophindayo, ophinda ephinda akaphindi ongaphindi engaphindi
Class 2 bayaphinda, baphinda abaphindayo, abaphinda bephinda abaphindi abangaphindi bengaphindi
Class 3 uyaphinda, uphinda ophindayo, ophinda uphinda awuphindi ongaphindi ungaphindi
Class 4 iyaphinda, iphinda ephindayo, ephinda iphinda ayiphindi engaphindi ingaphindi
Class 5 liyaphinda, liphinda eliphindayo, eliphinda liphinda aliphindi elingaphindi lingaphindi
Class 6 ayaphinda, aphinda aphindayo, aphinda ephinda awaphindi angaphindi engaphindi
Class 7 siyaphinda, siphinda esiphindayo, esiphinda siphinda asiphindi esingaphindi singaphindi
Class 8 ziyaphinda, ziphinda eziphindayo, eziphinda ziphinda aziphindi ezingaphindi zingaphindi
Class 9 iyaphinda, iphinda ephindayo, ephinda iphinda ayiphindi engaphindi ingaphindi
Class 10 ziyaphinda, ziphinda eziphindayo, eziphinda ziphinda aziphindi ezingaphindi zingaphindi
Class 11 luyaphinda, luphinda oluphindayo, oluphinda luphinda aluphindi olungaphindi lungaphindi
Class 14 buyaphinda, buphinda obuphindayo, obuphinda buphinda abuphindi obungaphindi bungaphindi
Class 15 kuyaphinda, kuphinda okuphindayo, okuphinda kuphinda akuphindi okungaphindi kungaphindi
Class 17 kuyaphinda, kuphinda okuphindayo, okuphinda kuphinda akuphindi okungaphindi kungaphindi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiphindile, ngiphindē engiphindile, engiphindē ngiphindile, ngiphindē angiphindanga engingaphindanga ngingaphindanga
2nd singular uphindile, uphindē ophindile, ophindē uphindile, uphindē awuphindanga ongaphindanga ungaphindanga
1st plural siphindile, siphindē esiphindile, esiphindē siphindile, siphindē asiphindanga esingaphindanga singaphindanga
2nd plural niphindile, niphindē eniphindile, eniphindē niphindile, niphindē aniphindanga eningaphindanga ningaphindanga
Class 1 uphindile, uphindē ophindile, ophindē ephindile, ephindē akaphindanga ongaphindanga engaphindanga
Class 2 baphindile, baphindē abaphindile, abaphindē bephindile, bephindē abaphindanga abangaphindanga bengaphindanga
Class 3 uphindile, uphindē ophindile, ophindē uphindile, uphindē awuphindanga ongaphindanga ungaphindanga
Class 4 iphindile, iphindē ephindile, ephindē iphindile, iphindē ayiphindanga engaphindanga ingaphindanga
Class 5 liphindile, liphindē eliphindile, eliphindē liphindile, liphindē aliphindanga elingaphindanga lingaphindanga
Class 6 aphindile, aphindē aphindile, aphindē ephindile, ephindē awaphindanga angaphindanga engaphindanga
Class 7 siphindile, siphindē esiphindile, esiphindē siphindile, siphindē asiphindanga esingaphindanga singaphindanga
Class 8 ziphindile, ziphindē eziphindile, eziphindē ziphindile, ziphindē aziphindanga ezingaphindanga zingaphindanga
Class 9 iphindile, iphindē ephindile, ephindē iphindile, iphindē ayiphindanga engaphindanga ingaphindanga
Class 10 ziphindile, ziphindē eziphindile, eziphindē ziphindile, ziphindē aziphindanga ezingaphindanga zingaphindanga
Class 11 luphindile, luphindē oluphindile, oluphindē luphindile, luphindē aluphindanga olungaphindanga lungaphindanga
Class 14 buphindile, buphindē obuphindile, obuphindē buphindile, buphindē abuphindanga obungaphindanga bungaphindanga
Class 15 kuphindile, kuphindē okuphindile, okuphindē kuphindile, kuphindē akuphindanga okungaphindanga kungaphindanga
Class 17 kuphindile, kuphindē okuphindile, okuphindē kuphindile, kuphindē akuphindanga okungaphindanga kungaphindanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāphinda engāphinda ngāphinda angiphindanga engingaphindanga ngingaphindanga
2nd singular wāphinda owāphinda wāphinda awuphindanga ongaphindanga ungaphindanga
1st plural sāphinda esāphinda sāphinda asiphindanga esingaphindanga singaphindanga
2nd plural nāphinda enāphinda nāphinda aniphindanga eningaphindanga ningaphindanga
Class 1 wāphinda owāphinda āphinda akaphindanga ongaphindanga engaphindanga
Class 2 bāphinda abāphinda bāphinda abaphindanga abangaphindanga bengaphindanga
Class 3 wāphinda owāphinda wāphinda awuphindanga ongaphindanga ungaphindanga
Class 4 yāphinda eyāphinda yāphinda ayiphindanga engaphindanga ingaphindanga
Class 5 lāphinda elāphinda lāphinda aliphindanga elingaphindanga lingaphindanga
Class 6 āphinda āphinda āphinda awaphindanga angaphindanga engaphindanga
Class 7 sāphinda esāphinda sāphinda asiphindanga esingaphindanga singaphindanga
Class 8 zāphinda ezāphinda zāphinda aziphindanga ezingaphindanga zingaphindanga
Class 9 yāphinda eyāphinda yāphinda ayiphindanga engaphindanga ingaphindanga
Class 10 zāphinda ezāphinda zāphinda aziphindanga ezingaphindanga zingaphindanga
Class 11 lwāphinda olwāphinda lwāphinda aluphindanga olungaphindanga lungaphindanga
Class 14 bāphinda obāphinda bāphinda abuphindanga obungaphindanga bungaphindanga
Class 15 kwāphinda okwāphinda kwāphinda akuphindanga okungaphindanga kungaphindanga
Class 17 kwāphinda okwāphinda kwāphinda akuphindanga okungaphindanga kungaphindanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaphinda ngingaphinda ngingephinde ngingephinde
2nd singular ungaphinda ungaphinda ungephinde ungephinde
1st plural singaphinda singaphinda singephinde singephinde
2nd plural ningaphinda ningaphinda ningephinde ningephinde
Class 1 angaphinda engaphinda angephinde engephinde
Class 2 bangaphinda bengaphinda bangephinde bengephinde
Class 3 ungaphinda ungaphinda ungephinde ungephinde
Class 4 ingaphinda ingaphinda ingephinde ingephinde
Class 5 lingaphinda lingaphinda lingephinde lingephinde
Class 6 angaphinda engaphinda angephinde engephinde
Class 7 singaphinda singaphinda singephinde singephinde
Class 8 zingaphinda zingaphinda zingephinde zingephinde
Class 9 ingaphinda ingaphinda ingephinde ingephinde
Class 10 zingaphinda zingaphinda zingephinde zingephinde
Class 11 lungaphinda lungaphinda lungephinde lungephinde
Class 14 bungaphinda bungaphinda bungephinde bungephinde
Class 15 kungaphinda kungaphinda kungephinde kungephinde
Class 17 kungaphinda kungaphinda kungephinde kungephinde
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizophinda engizophinda ngizophinda angizuphinda engingezuphinda ngingezuphinda
2nd singular uzophinda ozophinda uzophinda awuzuphinda ongezuphinda ungezuphinda
1st plural sizophinda esizophinda sizophinda asizuphinda esingezuphinda singezuphinda
2nd plural nizophinda enizophinda nizophinda anizuphinda eningezuphinda ningezuphinda
Class 1 uzophinda ozophinda ezophinda akazuphinda ongezuphinda engezuphinda
Class 2 bazophinda abazophinda bezophinda abazuphinda abangezuphinda bengezuphinda
Class 3 uzophinda ozophinda uzophinda awuzuphinda ongezuphinda ungezuphinda
Class 4 izophinda ezophinda izophinda ayizuphinda engezuphinda ingezuphinda
Class 5 lizophinda elizophinda lizophinda alizuphinda elingezuphinda lingezuphinda
Class 6 azophinda azophinda ezophinda awazuphinda angezuphinda engezuphinda
Class 7 sizophinda esizophinda sizophinda asizuphinda esingezuphinda singezuphinda
Class 8 zizophinda ezizophinda zizophinda azizuphinda ezingezuphinda zingezuphinda
Class 9 izophinda ezophinda izophinda ayizuphinda engezuphinda ingezuphinda
Class 10 zizophinda ezizophinda zizophinda azizuphinda ezingezuphinda zingezuphinda
Class 11 luzophinda oluzophinda luzophinda aluzuphinda olungezuphinda lungezuphinda
Class 14 buzophinda obuzophinda buzophinda abuzuphinda obungezuphinda bungezuphinda
Class 15 kuzophinda okuzophinda kuzophinda akuzuphinda okungezuphinda kungezuphinda
Class 17 kuzophinda okuzophinda kuzophinda akuzuphinda okungezuphinda kungezuphinda
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyophinda engiyophinda ngiyophinda angiyuphinda engingeyuphinda ngingeyuphinda
2nd singular uyophinda oyophinda uyophinda awuyuphinda ongeyuphinda ungeyuphinda
1st plural siyophinda esiyophinda siyophinda asiyuphinda esingeyuphinda singeyuphinda
2nd plural niyophinda eniyophinda niyophinda aniyuphinda eningeyuphinda ningeyuphinda
Class 1 uyophinda oyophinda eyophinda akayuphinda ongeyuphinda engeyuphinda
Class 2 bayophinda abayophinda beyophinda abayuphinda abangeyuphinda bengeyuphinda
Class 3 uyophinda oyophinda uyophinda awuyuphinda ongeyuphinda ungeyuphinda
Class 4 iyophinda eyophinda iyophinda ayiyuphinda engeyuphinda ingeyuphinda
Class 5 liyophinda eliyophinda liyophinda aliyuphinda elingeyuphinda lingeyuphinda
Class 6 ayophinda ayophinda eyophinda awayuphinda angeyuphinda engeyuphinda
Class 7 siyophinda esiyophinda siyophinda asiyuphinda esingeyuphinda singeyuphinda
Class 8 ziyophinda eziyophinda ziyophinda aziyuphinda ezingeyuphinda zingeyuphinda
Class 9 iyophinda eyophinda iyophinda ayiyuphinda engeyuphinda ingeyuphinda
Class 10 ziyophinda eziyophinda ziyophinda aziyuphinda ezingeyuphinda zingeyuphinda
Class 11 luyophinda oluyophinda luyophinda aluyuphinda olungeyuphinda lungeyuphinda
Class 14 buyophinda obuyophinda buyophinda abuyuphinda obungeyuphinda bungeyuphinda
Class 15 kuyophinda okuyophinda kuyophinda akuyuphinda okungeyuphinda kungeyuphinda
Class 17 kuyophinda okuyophinda kuyophinda akuyuphinda okungeyuphinda kungeyuphinda
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngiphinde ngingaphindi
2nd singular uphinde ungaphindi
1st plural siphinde singaphindi
2nd plural niphinde ningaphindi
Class 1 aphinde angaphindi
Class 2 baphinde bangaphindi
Class 3 uphinde ungaphindi
Class 4 iphinde ingaphindi
Class 5 liphinde lingaphindi
Class 6 aphinde angaphindi
Class 7 siphinde singaphindi
Class 8 ziphinde zingaphindi
Class 9 iphinde ingaphindi
Class 10 ziphinde zingaphindi
Class 11 luphinde lungaphindi
Class 14 buphinde bungaphindi
Class 15 kuphinde kungaphindi
Class 17 kuphinde kungaphindi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaphinda ngangaphinda, angaphinda, angangaphinda
2nd singular waphinda wangaphinda, awaphinda, awangaphinda
1st plural saphinda sangaphinda, asaphinda, asangaphinda
2nd plural naphinda nangaphinda, anaphinda, anangaphinda
Class 1 waphinda wangaphinda, akaphinda, akangaphinda
Class 2 baphinda bangaphinda, abaphinda, abangaphinda
Class 3 waphinda wangaphinda, awaphinda, awangaphinda
Class 4 yaphinda yangaphinda, ayaphinda, ayangaphinda
Class 5 laphinda langaphinda, alaphinda, alangaphinda
Class 6 aphinda angaphinda, awaphinda, awangaphinda
Class 7 saphinda sangaphinda, asaphinda, asangaphinda
Class 8 zaphinda zangaphinda, azaphinda, azangaphinda
Class 9 yaphinda yangaphinda, ayaphinda, ayangaphinda
Class 10 zaphinda zangaphinda, azaphinda, azangaphinda
Class 11 lwaphinda lwangaphinda, alwaphinda, alwangaphinda
Class 14 baphinda bangaphinda, abaphinda, abangaphinda
Class 15 kwaphinda kwangaphinda, akwaphinda, akwangaphinda
Class 17 kwaphinda kwangaphinda, akwaphinda, akwangaphinda

References[edit]