pontifex

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin pontifex.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pontifex (plural pontifices)

  1. (historical) A pontiff, or high priest, in Ancient Rome.

Latin[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

According to the scholarly consensus, a compound originally meaning "bridge-maker", i.e. "one who negotiates between gods and men". From pon(ti) (bridge) +‎ -fex (suffix representing a maker or producer).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pontifex m (genitive pontificis); third declension

  1. a high priest, State minister in ancient Rome
  2. a pontiff or bishop of the early Christian church, now specifically the Pope

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pontifex pontificēs
genitive pontificis pontificum
dative pontificī pontificibus
accusative pontificem pontificēs
ablative pontifice pontificibus
vocative pontifex pontificēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pontifex in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pontifex in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “pontifex”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • pontifex” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • pontifex in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pontifex in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • pontifex in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 480

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pontifex.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pontifex m (genitive singular pontifika, nominative plural pontifikovia, genitive plural pontifikov, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. a high priest in ancient Rome
  2. a pontiff or bishop of the early Christian church, now specifically the Pope

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pontifex in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk