pontifex

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin pontifex.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pontifex (plural pontifices)

  1. (historical) A pontiff, or high priest, in Ancient Rome.

Latin[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Often interpreted as a compound originally meaning “bridge-maker”, from pōns (bridge) +‎ -fex (suffix representing a maker or producer), either metaphorically “one who negotiates between gods and men” or literally if at some point the social class which supplied the priests was more or less identical with engineers that were responsible for building bridges.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pontifex m (genitive pontificis); third declension

  1. a high priest, State minister in ancient Rome
  2. a pontiff or bishop of the early Christian church, now specifically the Pope

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pontifex pontificēs
genitive pontificis pontificum
dative pontificī pontificibus
accusative pontificem pontificēs
ablative pontifice pontificibus
vocative pontifex pontificēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pontifex in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pontifex in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “pontifex”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • pontifex in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • pontifex in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pontifex in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • pontifex in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 480

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pontifex.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pontifex m (genitive singular pontifika, nominative plural pontifikovia, genitive plural pontifikov, declension pattern of chlap)

  1. a high priest in ancient Rome
  2. a pontiff or bishop of the early Christian church, now specifically the Pope

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • pontifex in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk