From French prolétariat (“proletariats as a class; state of being a proletariat”), from Latin prōlētārius (“belonging to the lowest class of citizens, whose only contribution to the state was their offspring; member of this class”) + French -at (suffix denoting actions or the results of actions). Prōlētārius is derived from prōlēs (“offspring, posterity”) + -ārius (suffix forming adjectives from nouns, or forming nouns denoting agents of use from other nouns); prōlēs is from pro- (prefix meaning ‘bringing forth or into being; bringing into the open’) + *olēs (a variant of *oleō (“to grow”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (“to grow, nourish”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌprəʊ.lɪˈtɛː.ɹɪ.ət/
- (General American) enPR: 'prōlĭʹtârēət, IPA(key): /ˌpɹoʊ.ləˈtɛ.ɹi.ət/
Audio (CA) (file)
- Hyphenation: pro‧le‧ta‧ri‧at
proletariat (plural proletariats)
- (often derogatory, also figuratively) The lowest class of society; also, the lower classes of society generally; the masses.
- Synonym: proletary
- (Marxism) Wage earners collectively, excluding salaried workers; people who own no capital and depend on their labour for survival; the working class, especially when seen as engaged in a class struggle with the bourgeoisie (“the capital-owning class”).
- 1848 February, Karl Marx; Frederick Engels [i.e., Friedrich Engels], “Bourgeois and Proletarians”, in Samuel Moore, transl., Manifesto of the Communist Party. […], 2nd edition, New York, N.Y.: National Executive Committee of the Socialist Labor Party, published 1898, OCLC 7061030, page 27:
- Of all the classes that stand face to face with the bourgeoisie to-day, the proletariat alone is a really revolutionary class. The other classes decay and finally disappear in the face of modern industry; the proletariat is its special and essential product.
- (chiefly Ancient Rome, historical) The lowest class of citizens, who had no property and few rights, and were regarded as contributing only their offspring to the state.
- proles (rare)
- proletaire (archaic)
- proletairism (archaic)
- proletarianisation, proletarianization
- proletarianise, proletarianize
- proletarisation, proletarization
- proletarised, proletarized (adjective)
- proletarise, proletarize (rare)
- proletary (archaic)
- “proletariat” in Obastan.com.
proletariat m inan
- proletariat (working class or lower class)
- (historical) proletariat (lowest class of citizens in Rome)
- (verbs) proletaryzować, sproletaryzować
- (nouns) Proletariat, proletaryzm, proletaryzacja
- (adjective) proletariacki
- proletariat in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
- proletariat in Polish dictionaries at PWN
proletariat n (uncountable)