proletariat

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French prolétariat (proletariats as a class; state of being a proletariat), from Latin prōlētārius (belonging to the lowest class of citizens, whose only contribution to the state was their offspring; member of this class) + French -at (suffix denoting actions or the results of actions).[1] Prōlētārius is derived from prōlēs (offspring, posterity) + -ārius (suffix forming adjectives from nouns, or forming nouns denoting agents of use from other nouns); prōlēs is from pro- (prefix meaning ‘bringing forth or into being; bringing into the open’) + *olēs (a variant of *oleō (to grow), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂el- (to grow, nourish)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

proletariat (plural proletariats)

  1. (often derogatory, also figuratively) The lowest class of society; also, the lower classes of society generally; the masses.
    Synonym: proletary
  2. (Marxism) Wage earners collectively, excluding salaried workers; people who own no capital and depend on their labour for survival; the working class, especially when seen as engaged in a class struggle with the bourgeoisie (the capital-owning class).
    Synonyms: proletarian, proletary
    Antonym: bourgeoisie
  3. (chiefly Ancient Rome, historical) The lowest class of citizens, who had no property and few rights, and were regarded as contributing only their offspring to the state.
    Synonyms: proletarian, proletary

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ proletariat, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “proletariat, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian пролетариа́т (proletariát), from French prolétariat.

Noun[edit]

proletariat (definite accusative proletariatı, plural proletariatlar)

  1. proletariat

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From French prolétariat, from Latin prōlētārius.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

proletariat m inan

  1. proletariat (working class or lower class)
  2. (historical) proletariat (lowest class of citizens in Rome)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • proletariat in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • proletariat in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French prolétariat

Noun[edit]

proletariat n (uncountable)

  1. proletariat

Declension[edit]