Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From Proto-Italic *prosparos, from Proto-Indo-European *speh₁- (to succeed) (whence spēs).



prosperus (feminine prospera, neuter prosperum); first/second declension

  1. prosperous, successful
  2. favourable, propitious


First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative prosperus prospera prosperum prosperī prosperae prospera
Genitive prosperī prosperae prosperī prosperōrum prosperārum prosperōrum
Dative prosperō prosperō prosperīs
Accusative prosperum prosperam prosperum prosperōs prosperās prospera
Ablative prosperō prosperā prosperō prosperīs
Vocative prospere prospera prosperum prosperī prosperae prospera


  • prosperus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • prosperus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • prosperus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to enjoy good health: bona (firma, prospera) valetudine esse or uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)
    • the matter progresses favourably, succeeds: aliquid (bene, prospere) succedit or procedit (opp. parum procedere, non succedere)
    • when life runs smoothly: in rebus prosperis et ad voluntatem fluentibus
    • (ambiguous) to be favoured by Fortune; to bask in Fortune's smiles: fortunae favore or prospero flatu fortunae uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)