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Alternative forms[edit]

  • prosper (singular masculine nominative only)


From Proto-Italic *prosparos, from Proto-Indo-European *speh₁- (to succeed) (whence spēs).



prosperus (feminine prospera, neuter prosperum, superlative prosperrimus); first/second-declension adjective

  1. prosperous, successful
  2. favourable, propitious


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative prosperus prospera prosperum prosperī prosperae prospera
Genitive prosperī prosperae prosperī prosperōrum prosperārum prosperōrum
Dative prosperō prosperō prosperīs
Accusative prosperum prosperam prosperum prosperōs prosperās prospera
Ablative prosperō prosperā prosperō prosperīs
Vocative prospere prospera prosperum prosperī prosperae prospera

Derived terms[edit]



  • prosperus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • prosperus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • prosperus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to enjoy good health: bona (firma, prospera) valetudine esse or uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)
    • the matter progresses favourably, succeeds: aliquid (bene, prospere) succedit or procedit (opp. parum procedere, non succedere)
    • when life runs smoothly: in rebus prosperis et ad voluntatem fluentibus
    • (ambiguous) to be favoured by Fortune; to bask in Fortune's smiles: fortunae favore or prospero flatu fortunae uti (vid. sect. VI. 8., note uti...)