spes

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Aromanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin spissus. Cf. also Italian spesso.

Adjective[edit]

spes m ‎(feminine singular speasã, masculine plural spesh, feminine plural speasi or spease)

  1. thick

Synonyms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Adjective[edit]

spes

  1. special, often in an odd way
    Vinkona þín var svakalega spes.
    Your friend was really special.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *spēs, from Proto-Indo-European *spéh₁s ‎(prosperity), from *speh₁- ‎(to succeed, prosper).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spēs f ‎(genitive speī); fifth declension

  1. hope
  2. expectation

Inflection[edit]

Fifth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative spēs spēs
genitive speī spērum
dative speī spēbus
accusative spem spēs
ablative spē spēbus
vocative spēs spēs

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • spes in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • spes in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • SPES” in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • spes” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • he is a young man of great promise: adulescens alios bene de se sperare iubet, bonam spem ostendit or alii de adulescente bene sperare possunt
    • a promising youth: adulescens bonae (egregiae) spei
    • to cherish a hope: spem habere
    • to cherish a hope: spe duci, niti, teneri
    • I have great hopes that..: magna me spes tenet (with Acc. c. Inf.) (Tusc. 1. 41. 97)
    • to conceive a hope: in spem venire, ingredi, adduci
    • to conceive a hope: spem concipere animo
    • to revive a hope: spem redintegrare (B. G. 7. 25)
    • to inspire any one with hope: spem alicui facere, afferre, inicere
    • to awaken new hope in some one: ad spem aliquem excitare, erigere
    • to inspire some one with the most brilliant hopes: in maximam spem aliquem adducere (Att. 2. 22. 3)
    • to induce some one to take a brighter view of things: in meliorem spem, cogitationem aliquem inducere (Off. 2. 15. 53)
    • to lead some one to expect..: spem proponere alicui
    • a ray of hope shines on us: spes affulget (Liv. 27. 28)
    • to rouse a vain, groundless hope in some one's mind: spem falsam alicui ostendere
    • to deprive a person of hope: spem alicui adimere, tollere, auferre, eripere
    • to cut off all hope: spem praecīdere, incidere (Liv. 2. 15)
    • to lose hope: spem perdere
    • to lose hope: spe deici, depelli, deturbari
    • expectation is overthrown: spes ad irritum cadit, ad irritum redigitur
    • to give up hoping: spem abicere, deponere
    • to be misled by a vain hope: inani, falsa spe duci, induci
    • hope has played me false: spes me frustratur
    • hope is vanishing by degrees: spes extenuatur et evanescit
    • to deceive a person's hope: spem alicuius fallere (Catil. 4. 11. 23)
    • to weaken, diminish a person's hope: spem alicui or alicuius minuere
    • to strengthen a person in his hopes: spem alicuius confirmare
    • to entertain a hope: spem alere
    • to set one's hope on some one: spem habere in aliquo
    • to set one's hope on some one: spem suam ponere, collocare in aliquo
    • to hover between hope and fear: inter spem metumque suspensum animi esse
    • contrary to expectation: praeter spem, exspectationem
  • spes in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • spes in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill