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From Proto-Indo-European *reyǵ- (stretch tight, bind); see also Middle High German ric (string, band) and Old Irish riag (a type of torture).



rigeō (present infinitive rigēre); second conjugation, no perfect

  1. I am stiff or numb; stiffen.
  2. I stand upright; stand on end.
  3. I remain unmoved or inert.


   Conjugation of rigeo (second conjugation, defective)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rigeō rigēs riget rigēmus rigētis rigent
imperfect rigēbam rigēbās rigēbat rigēbāmus rigēbātis rigēbant
future rigēbō rigēbis rigēbit rigēbimus rigēbitis rigēbunt
passive present rigeor rigēris, rigēre rigētur rigēmur rigēminī rigentur
imperfect rigēbar rigēbāris, rigēbāre rigēbātur rigēbāmur rigēbāminī rigēbantur
future rigēbor rigēberis, rigēbere rigēbitur rigēbimur rigēbiminī rigēbuntur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rigeam rigeās rigeat rigeāmus rigeātis rigeant
imperfect rigērem rigērēs rigēret rigērēmus rigērētis rigērent
passive present rigear rigeāris, rigeāre rigeātur rigeāmur rigeāminī rigeantur
imperfect rigērer rigērēris, rigērēre rigērētur rigērēmur rigērēminī rigērentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rigē rigēte
future rigētō rigētō rigētōte rigentō
passive present rigēre rigēminī
future rigētor rigētor rigentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives rigēre rigērī
participles rigēns rigendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
rigēre rigendī rigendō rigendum

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • rigeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rigeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rigeo” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to be numb with cold: frigore (gelu) rigere, torpere
  • rigid in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911