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EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.



  1. (transitive) to mangle (to change, mutilate or disfigure by cutting, tearing, rearranging etc.)


Inflection of runnoa (Kotus type 52/sanoa, no gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. runnon en runno 1st sing. olen runnonut en ole runnonut
2nd sing. runnot et runno 2nd sing. olet runnonut et ole runnonut
3rd sing. runnoo ei runno 3rd sing. on runnonut ei ole runnonut
1st plur. runnomme emme runno 1st plur. olemme runnoneet emme ole runnoneet
2nd plur. runnotte ette runno 2nd plur. olette runnoneet ette ole runnoneet
3rd plur. runnovat eivät runno 3rd plur. ovat runnoneet eivät ole runnoneet
passive runnotaan ei runnota passive on runnottu ei ole runnottu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. runnoin en runnonut 1st sing. olin runnonut en ollut runnonut
2nd sing. runnoit et runnonut 2nd sing. olit runnonut et ollut runnonut
3rd sing. runnoi ei runnonut 3rd sing. oli runnonut ei ollut runnonut
1st plur. runnoimme emme runnoneet 1st plur. olimme runnoneet emme olleet runnoneet
2nd plur. runnoitte ette runnoneet 2nd plur. olitte runnoneet ette olleet runnoneet
3rd plur. runnoivat eivät runnoneet 3rd plur. olivat runnoneet eivät olleet runnoneet
passive runnottiin ei runnottu passive oli runnottu ei ollut runnottu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. runnoisin en runnoisi 1st sing. olisin runnonut en olisi runnonut
2nd sing. runnoisit et runnoisi 2nd sing. olisit runnonut et olisi runnonut
3rd sing. runnoisi ei runnoisi 3rd sing. olisi runnonut ei olisi runnonut
1st plur. runnoisimme emme runnoisi 1st plur. olisimme runnoneet emme olisi runnoneet
2nd plur. runnoisitte ette runnoisi 2nd plur. olisitte runnoneet ette olisi runnoneet
3rd plur. runnoisivat eivät runnoisi 3rd plur. olisivat runnoneet eivät olisi runnoneet
passive runnottaisiin ei runnottaisi passive olisi runnottu ei olisi runnottu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. runno älä runno 2nd sing. ole runnonut älä ole runnonut
3rd sing. runnokoon älköön runnoko 3rd sing. olkoon runnonut älköön olko runnonut
1st plur. runnokaamme älkäämme runnoko 1st plur. olkaamme runnoneet älkäämme olko runnoneet
2nd plur. runnokaa älkää runnoko 2nd plur. olkaa runnoneet älkää olko runnoneet
3rd plur. runnokoot älkööt runnoko 3rd plur. olkoot runnoneet älkööt olko runnoneet
passive runnottakoon älköön runnottako passive olkoon runnottu älköön olko runnottu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. runnonen en runnone 1st sing. lienen runnonut en liene runnonut
2nd sing. runnonet et runnone 2nd sing. lienet runnonut et liene runnonut
3rd sing. runnonee ei runnone 3rd sing. lienee runnonut ei liene runnonut
1st plur. runnonemme emme runnone 1st plur. lienemme runnoneet emme liene runnoneet
2nd plur. runnonette ette runnone 2nd plur. lienette runnoneet ette liene runnoneet
3rd plur. runnonevat eivät runnone 3rd plur. lienevät runnoneet eivät liene runnoneet
passive runnottaneen ei runnottane passive lienee runnottu ei liene runnottu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st runnoa present runnova runnottava
long 1st2 runnoakseen past runnonut runnottu
2nd inessive1 runnoessa runnottaessa agent1, 3 runnoma
instructive runnoen negative runnomaton
3rd inessive runnomassa 1) Usually with a possessive suffix.

2) Used only with a possessive suffix; this is the form for the third-person singular and third-person plural.
3) Does not exist in the case of intransitive verbs. Do not confuse with nouns formed with the -ma suffix.

elative runnomasta
illative runnomaan
adessive runnomalla
abessive runnomatta
instructive runnoman runnottaman
4th nominative runnominen
partitive runnomista
5th2 runnomaisillaan

See also[edit]