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EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.



  1. to disfigure (to change the appearance of something/someone to the negative)
    Palohaavat runtelivat hänen kasvonsa.
    The burnings disfigured his face.
  2. to mangle, mutilate, maul
  3. to tear, used especially with "war"
    sodan runtelema = war-torn, war torn


Inflection of runnella (Kotus type 67/tulla, nt-nn gradation)
indicative mood
present tense perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. runtelen en runtele 1st sing. olen runnellut en ole runnellut
2nd sing. runtelet et runtele 2nd sing. olet runnellut et ole runnellut
3rd sing. runtelee ei runtele 3rd sing. on runnellut ei ole runnellut
1st plur. runtelemme emme runtele 1st plur. olemme runnelleet emme ole runnelleet
2nd plur. runtelette ette runtele 2nd plur. olette runnelleet ette ole runnelleet
3rd plur. runtelevat eivät runtele 3rd plur. ovat runnelleet eivät ole runnelleet
passive runnellaan ei runnella passive on runneltu ei ole runneltu
past tense pluperfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. runtelin en runnellut 1st sing. olin runnellut en ollut runnellut
2nd sing. runtelit et runnellut 2nd sing. olit runnellut et ollut runnellut
3rd sing. runteli ei runnellut 3rd sing. oli runnellut ei ollut runnellut
1st plur. runtelimme emme runnelleet 1st plur. olimme runnelleet emme olleet runnelleet
2nd plur. runtelitte ette runnelleet 2nd plur. olitte runnelleet ette olleet runnelleet
3rd plur. runtelivat eivät runnelleet 3rd plur. olivat runnelleet eivät olleet runnelleet
passive runneltiin ei runneltu passive oli runneltu ei ollut runneltu
conditional mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. runtelisin en runtelisi 1st sing. olisin runnellut en olisi runnellut
2nd sing. runtelisit et runtelisi 2nd sing. olisit runnellut et olisi runnellut
3rd sing. runtelisi ei runtelisi 3rd sing. olisi runnellut ei olisi runnellut
1st plur. runtelisimme emme runtelisi 1st plur. olisimme runnelleet emme olisi runnelleet
2nd plur. runtelisitte ette runtelisi 2nd plur. olisitte runnelleet ette olisi runnelleet
3rd plur. runtelisivat eivät runtelisi 3rd plur. olisivat runnelleet eivät olisi runnelleet
passive runneltaisiin ei runneltaisi passive olisi runneltu ei olisi runneltu
imperative mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. 1st sing.
2nd sing. runtele älä runtele 2nd sing. ole runnellut älä ole runnellut
3rd sing. runnelkoon älköön runnelko 3rd sing. olkoon runnellut älköön olko runnellut
1st plur. runnelkaamme älkäämme runnelko 1st plur. olkaamme runnelleet älkäämme olko runnelleet
2nd plur. runnelkaa älkää runnelko 2nd plur. olkaa runnelleet älkää olko runnelleet
3rd plur. runnelkoot älkööt runnelko 3rd plur. olkoot runnelleet älkööt olko runnelleet
passive runneltakoon älköön runneltako passive olkoon runneltu älköön olko runneltu
potential mood
present perfect
person positive negative person positive negative
1st sing. runnellen en runnelle 1st sing. lienen runnellut en liene runnellut
2nd sing. runnellet et runnelle 2nd sing. lienet runnellut et liene runnellut
3rd sing. runnellee ei runnelle 3rd sing. lienee runnellut ei liene runnellut
1st plur. runnellemme emme runnelle 1st plur. lienemme runnelleet emme liene runnelleet
2nd plur. runnellette ette runnelle 2nd plur. lienette runnelleet ette liene runnelleet
3rd plur. runnellevat eivät runnelle 3rd plur. lienevät runnelleet eivät liene runnelleet
passive runneltaneen ei runneltane passive lienee runneltu ei liene runneltu
Nominal forms
infinitives participles
active passive active passive
1st runnella present runteleva runneltava
long 1st2 runnellakseen past runnellut runneltu
2nd inessive1 runnellessa runneltaessa agent1, 3 runtelema
instructive runnellen negative runtelematon
3rd inessive runtelemassa 1) Usually with a possessive suffix.

2) Used only with a possessive suffix; this is the form for the third-person singular and third-person plural.
3) Does not exist in the case of intransitive verbs. Do not confuse with nouns formed with the -ma suffix.

elative runtelemasta
illative runtelemaan
adessive runtelemalla
abessive runtelematta
instructive runteleman runneltaman
4th nominative runteleminen
partitive runtelemista
5th2 runtelemaisillaan

Derived terms[edit]