sempurna

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Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay sempurna, from Sanskrit सम्पूर्ण (sampūrṇa, complete, entire, whole).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /səm.pur.na/
  • Hyphenation: sêm‧pur‧na
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

sêmpurna

  1. perfect, flawless
  2. complete

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of sempurna (meng-, transitive)
Root sempurna
Active Involuntary Passive Imperative Jussive
Active menyempurna sempurnalah
Locative menyempurnai tersempurnai disempurnai sempurnai sempurnailah
Causative / Applicative1 menyempurnakan tersempurnakan disempurnakan sempurnakan sempurnakanlah
Causative
Active mempersempurna dipersempurna persempurnalah
Locative mempersempurnai dipersempurnai
Causative / Applicative1 mempersempurnakan dipersempurnakan persempurnakan persempurnakanlah
1The -kan row is either causative or applicative, with transitive roots it mostly has applicative meaning.
Notes:
Some of these forms do normally not exist or are rarely used in standard Indonesian. Some forms may also change meaning.

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit सम्पूर्ण (sampūrṇa, complete, entire, whole).

Adjective[edit]

sempurna (Jawi spelling سمڤورنا‎)

  1. perfect