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See also: Sica and šica


Rievocazione storica di un gladiatore tracio armato di sica – Historical reenactment of a Thracian gladiator armed with a sica


Borrowing from Latin sīca.


  • IPA(key): /ˈsi.ka/, [ˈs̪iːkä]
  • Stress: sìca
  • Hyphenation: si‧ca


sica f (plural siche)

  1. (Ancient Rome, weaponry) A curved dagger typically associated with the Thracians.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]



Possibly from Proto-Albanian *tsikā (whence Albanian thikë (knife)), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱey- (to sharpen) possibly via Illyrian.[1] De Vaan declares any connection to Proto-Indo-European * sek- (to cut) to be formally impossible.[2]



sīca f (genitive sīcae); first declension

  1. a poniard, a curved dagger
  2. the edge of a boar's tusk
    Cum arbore et saxo apri exacuant dentium sicas.
    Boars may sharpen the edge of their tusks using tree and stone.


First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sīca sīcae
genitive sīcae sīcārum
dative sīcae sīcīs
accusative sīcam sīcās
ablative sīcā sīcīs
vocative sīca sīcae

Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “thikë”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, pages 477-478
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “sīca”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 561-562
  • sica in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sica in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sica in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • sica in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to plunge a dagger, knife in some one's heart: sicam, cultrum in corde alicuius defigere (Liv. 1. 58)
  • sica in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sica in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin