sombuluka

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From sombu +‎ -l +‎ -uk +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /sombuluːɠa/

Verb[edit]

-sombuluka

  1. (intransitive) to unroll, unravel
  2. (intransitive) to gain wisdom, become intelligent

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukusombuluka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusombuluka ukungasombuluki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular sombuluka -sombuluke
Plural sombulukani -sombulukeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasombuluka, ngisombuluka engisombulukayo, engisombuluka ngisombuluka angisombuluki engingasombuluki ngingasombuluki
2nd singular uyasombuluka, usombuluka osombulukayo, osombuluka usombuluka awusombuluki ongasombuluki ungasombuluki
1st plural siyasombuluka, sisombuluka esisombulukayo, esisombuluka sisombuluka asisombuluki esingasombuluki singasombuluki
2nd plural niyasombuluka, nisombuluka enisombulukayo, enisombuluka nisombuluka anisombuluki eningasombuluki ningasombuluki
Class 1 uyasombuluka, usombuluka osombulukayo, osombuluka esombuluka akasombuluki ongasombuluki engasombuluki
Class 2 bayasombuluka, basombuluka abasombulukayo, abasombuluka besombuluka abasombuluki abangasombuluki bengasombuluki
Class 3 uyasombuluka, usombuluka osombulukayo, osombuluka usombuluka awusombuluki ongasombuluki ungasombuluki
Class 4 iyasombuluka, isombuluka esombulukayo, esombuluka isombuluka ayisombuluki engasombuluki ingasombuluki
Class 5 liyasombuluka, lisombuluka elisombulukayo, elisombuluka lisombuluka alisombuluki elingasombuluki lingasombuluki
Class 6 ayasombuluka, asombuluka asombulukayo, asombuluka esombuluka awasombuluki angasombuluki engasombuluki
Class 7 siyasombuluka, sisombuluka esisombulukayo, esisombuluka sisombuluka asisombuluki esingasombuluki singasombuluki
Class 8 ziyasombuluka, zisombuluka ezisombulukayo, ezisombuluka zisombuluka azisombuluki ezingasombuluki zingasombuluki
Class 9 iyasombuluka, isombuluka esombulukayo, esombuluka isombuluka ayisombuluki engasombuluki ingasombuluki
Class 10 ziyasombuluka, zisombuluka ezisombulukayo, ezisombuluka zisombuluka azisombuluki ezingasombuluki zingasombuluki
Class 11 luyasombuluka, lusombuluka olusombulukayo, olusombuluka lusombuluka alusombuluki olungasombuluki lungasombuluki
Class 14 buyasombuluka, busombuluka obusombulukayo, obusombuluka busombuluka abusombuluki obungasombuluki bungasombuluki
Class 15 kuyasombuluka, kusombuluka okusombulukayo, okusombuluka kusombuluka akusombuluki okungasombuluki kungasombuluki
Class 17 kuyasombuluka, kusombuluka okusombulukayo, okusombuluka kusombuluka akusombuluki okungasombuluki kungasombuluki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisombulukile, ngisombulukē engisombulukile, engisombulukē ngisombulukile, ngisombulukē angisombulukanga engingasombulukanga ngingasombulukanga
2nd singular usombulukile, usombulukē osombulukile, osombulukē usombulukile, usombulukē awusombulukanga ongasombulukanga ungasombulukanga
1st plural sisombulukile, sisombulukē esisombulukile, esisombulukē sisombulukile, sisombulukē asisombulukanga esingasombulukanga singasombulukanga
2nd plural nisombulukile, nisombulukē enisombulukile, enisombulukē nisombulukile, nisombulukē anisombulukanga eningasombulukanga ningasombulukanga
Class 1 usombulukile, usombulukē osombulukile, osombulukē esombulukile, esombulukē akasombulukanga ongasombulukanga engasombulukanga
Class 2 basombulukile, basombulukē abasombulukile, abasombulukē besombulukile, besombulukē abasombulukanga abangasombulukanga bengasombulukanga
Class 3 usombulukile, usombulukē osombulukile, osombulukē usombulukile, usombulukē awusombulukanga ongasombulukanga ungasombulukanga
Class 4 isombulukile, isombulukē esombulukile, esombulukē isombulukile, isombulukē ayisombulukanga engasombulukanga ingasombulukanga
Class 5 lisombulukile, lisombulukē elisombulukile, elisombulukē lisombulukile, lisombulukē alisombulukanga elingasombulukanga lingasombulukanga
Class 6 asombulukile, asombulukē asombulukile, asombulukē esombulukile, esombulukē awasombulukanga angasombulukanga engasombulukanga
Class 7 sisombulukile, sisombulukē esisombulukile, esisombulukē sisombulukile, sisombulukē asisombulukanga esingasombulukanga singasombulukanga
Class 8 zisombulukile, zisombulukē ezisombulukile, ezisombulukē zisombulukile, zisombulukē azisombulukanga ezingasombulukanga zingasombulukanga
Class 9 isombulukile, isombulukē esombulukile, esombulukē isombulukile, isombulukē ayisombulukanga engasombulukanga ingasombulukanga
Class 10 zisombulukile, zisombulukē ezisombulukile, ezisombulukē zisombulukile, zisombulukē azisombulukanga ezingasombulukanga zingasombulukanga
Class 11 lusombulukile, lusombulukē olusombulukile, olusombulukē lusombulukile, lusombulukē alusombulukanga olungasombulukanga lungasombulukanga
Class 14 busombulukile, busombulukē obusombulukile, obusombulukē busombulukile, busombulukē abusombulukanga obungasombulukanga bungasombulukanga
Class 15 kusombulukile, kusombulukē okusombulukile, okusombulukē kusombulukile, kusombulukē akusombulukanga okungasombulukanga kungasombulukanga
Class 17 kusombulukile, kusombulukē okusombulukile, okusombulukē kusombulukile, kusombulukē akusombulukanga okungasombulukanga kungasombulukanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsombuluka engāsombuluka ngāsombuluka angisombulukanga engingasombulukanga ngingasombulukanga
2nd singular wāsombuluka owāsombuluka wāsombuluka awusombulukanga ongasombulukanga ungasombulukanga
1st plural sāsombuluka esāsombuluka sāsombuluka asisombulukanga esingasombulukanga singasombulukanga
2nd plural nāsombuluka enāsombuluka nāsombuluka anisombulukanga eningasombulukanga ningasombulukanga
Class 1 wāsombuluka owāsombuluka āsombuluka akasombulukanga ongasombulukanga engasombulukanga
Class 2 bāsombuluka abāsombuluka bāsombuluka abasombulukanga abangasombulukanga bengasombulukanga
Class 3 wāsombuluka owāsombuluka wāsombuluka awusombulukanga ongasombulukanga ungasombulukanga
Class 4 yāsombuluka eyāsombuluka yāsombuluka ayisombulukanga engasombulukanga ingasombulukanga
Class 5 lāsombuluka elāsombuluka lāsombuluka alisombulukanga elingasombulukanga lingasombulukanga
Class 6 āsombuluka āsombuluka āsombuluka awasombulukanga angasombulukanga engasombulukanga
Class 7 sāsombuluka esāsombuluka sāsombuluka asisombulukanga esingasombulukanga singasombulukanga
Class 8 zāsombuluka ezāsombuluka zāsombuluka azisombulukanga ezingasombulukanga zingasombulukanga
Class 9 yāsombuluka eyāsombuluka yāsombuluka ayisombulukanga engasombulukanga ingasombulukanga
Class 10 zāsombuluka ezāsombuluka zāsombuluka azisombulukanga ezingasombulukanga zingasombulukanga
Class 11 lwāsombuluka olwāsombuluka lwāsombuluka alusombulukanga olungasombulukanga lungasombulukanga
Class 14 bāsombuluka obāsombuluka bāsombuluka abusombulukanga obungasombulukanga bungasombulukanga
Class 15 kwāsombuluka okwāsombuluka kwāsombuluka akusombulukanga okungasombulukanga kungasombulukanga
Class 17 kwāsombuluka okwāsombuluka kwāsombuluka akusombulukanga okungasombulukanga kungasombulukanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasombuluka ngingasombuluka ngingesombuluke ngingesombuluke
2nd singular ungasombuluka ungasombuluka ungesombuluke ungesombuluke
1st plural singasombuluka singasombuluka singesombuluke singesombuluke
2nd plural ningasombuluka ningasombuluka ningesombuluke ningesombuluke
Class 1 angasombuluka engasombuluka angesombuluke engesombuluke
Class 2 bangasombuluka bengasombuluka bangesombuluke bengesombuluke
Class 3 ungasombuluka ungasombuluka ungesombuluke ungesombuluke
Class 4 ingasombuluka ingasombuluka ingesombuluke ingesombuluke
Class 5 lingasombuluka lingasombuluka lingesombuluke lingesombuluke
Class 6 angasombuluka engasombuluka angesombuluke engesombuluke
Class 7 singasombuluka singasombuluka singesombuluke singesombuluke
Class 8 zingasombuluka zingasombuluka zingesombuluke zingesombuluke
Class 9 ingasombuluka ingasombuluka ingesombuluke ingesombuluke
Class 10 zingasombuluka zingasombuluka zingesombuluke zingesombuluke
Class 11 lungasombuluka lungasombuluka lungesombuluke lungesombuluke
Class 14 bungasombuluka bungasombuluka bungesombuluke bungesombuluke
Class 15 kungasombuluka kungasombuluka kungesombuluke kungesombuluke
Class 17 kungasombuluka kungasombuluka kungesombuluke kungesombuluke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizosombuluka engizosombuluka ngizosombuluka angizusombuluka engingezusombuluka ngingezusombuluka
2nd singular uzosombuluka ozosombuluka uzosombuluka awuzusombuluka ongezusombuluka ungezusombuluka
1st plural sizosombuluka esizosombuluka sizosombuluka asizusombuluka esingezusombuluka singezusombuluka
2nd plural nizosombuluka enizosombuluka nizosombuluka anizusombuluka eningezusombuluka ningezusombuluka
Class 1 uzosombuluka ozosombuluka ezosombuluka akazusombuluka ongezusombuluka engezusombuluka
Class 2 bazosombuluka abazosombuluka bezosombuluka abazusombuluka abangezusombuluka bengezusombuluka
Class 3 uzosombuluka ozosombuluka uzosombuluka awuzusombuluka ongezusombuluka ungezusombuluka
Class 4 izosombuluka ezosombuluka izosombuluka ayizusombuluka engezusombuluka ingezusombuluka
Class 5 lizosombuluka elizosombuluka lizosombuluka alizusombuluka elingezusombuluka lingezusombuluka
Class 6 azosombuluka azosombuluka ezosombuluka awazusombuluka angezusombuluka engezusombuluka
Class 7 sizosombuluka esizosombuluka sizosombuluka asizusombuluka esingezusombuluka singezusombuluka
Class 8 zizosombuluka ezizosombuluka zizosombuluka azizusombuluka ezingezusombuluka zingezusombuluka
Class 9 izosombuluka ezosombuluka izosombuluka ayizusombuluka engezusombuluka ingezusombuluka
Class 10 zizosombuluka ezizosombuluka zizosombuluka azizusombuluka ezingezusombuluka zingezusombuluka
Class 11 luzosombuluka oluzosombuluka luzosombuluka aluzusombuluka olungezusombuluka lungezusombuluka
Class 14 buzosombuluka obuzosombuluka buzosombuluka abuzusombuluka obungezusombuluka bungezusombuluka
Class 15 kuzosombuluka okuzosombuluka kuzosombuluka akuzusombuluka okungezusombuluka kungezusombuluka
Class 17 kuzosombuluka okuzosombuluka kuzosombuluka akuzusombuluka okungezusombuluka kungezusombuluka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyosombuluka engiyosombuluka ngiyosombuluka angiyusombuluka engingeyusombuluka ngingeyusombuluka
2nd singular uyosombuluka oyosombuluka uyosombuluka awuyusombuluka ongeyusombuluka ungeyusombuluka
1st plural siyosombuluka esiyosombuluka siyosombuluka asiyusombuluka esingeyusombuluka singeyusombuluka
2nd plural niyosombuluka eniyosombuluka niyosombuluka aniyusombuluka eningeyusombuluka ningeyusombuluka
Class 1 uyosombuluka oyosombuluka eyosombuluka akayusombuluka ongeyusombuluka engeyusombuluka
Class 2 bayosombuluka abayosombuluka beyosombuluka abayusombuluka abangeyusombuluka bengeyusombuluka
Class 3 uyosombuluka oyosombuluka uyosombuluka awuyusombuluka ongeyusombuluka ungeyusombuluka
Class 4 iyosombuluka eyosombuluka iyosombuluka ayiyusombuluka engeyusombuluka ingeyusombuluka
Class 5 liyosombuluka eliyosombuluka liyosombuluka aliyusombuluka elingeyusombuluka lingeyusombuluka
Class 6 ayosombuluka ayosombuluka eyosombuluka awayusombuluka angeyusombuluka engeyusombuluka
Class 7 siyosombuluka esiyosombuluka siyosombuluka asiyusombuluka esingeyusombuluka singeyusombuluka
Class 8 ziyosombuluka eziyosombuluka ziyosombuluka aziyusombuluka ezingeyusombuluka zingeyusombuluka
Class 9 iyosombuluka eyosombuluka iyosombuluka ayiyusombuluka engeyusombuluka ingeyusombuluka
Class 10 ziyosombuluka eziyosombuluka ziyosombuluka aziyusombuluka ezingeyusombuluka zingeyusombuluka
Class 11 luyosombuluka oluyosombuluka luyosombuluka aluyusombuluka olungeyusombuluka lungeyusombuluka
Class 14 buyosombuluka obuyosombuluka buyosombuluka abuyusombuluka obungeyusombuluka bungeyusombuluka
Class 15 kuyosombuluka okuyosombuluka kuyosombuluka akuyusombuluka okungeyusombuluka kungeyusombuluka
Class 17 kuyosombuluka okuyosombuluka kuyosombuluka akuyusombuluka okungeyusombuluka kungeyusombuluka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngisombuluke ngingasombuluki
2nd singular usombuluke ungasombuluki
1st plural sisombuluke singasombuluki
2nd plural nisombuluke ningasombuluki
Class 1 asombuluke angasombuluki
Class 2 basombuluke bangasombuluki
Class 3 usombuluke ungasombuluki
Class 4 isombuluke ingasombuluki
Class 5 lisombuluke lingasombuluki
Class 6 asombuluke angasombuluki
Class 7 sisombuluke singasombuluki
Class 8 zisombuluke zingasombuluki
Class 9 isombuluke ingasombuluki
Class 10 zisombuluke zingasombuluki
Class 11 lusombuluke lungasombuluki
Class 14 busombuluke bungasombuluki
Class 15 kusombuluke kungasombuluki
Class 17 kusombuluke kungasombuluki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasombuluka ngangasombuluka, angasombuluka, angangasombuluka
2nd singular wasombuluka wangasombuluka, awasombuluka, awangasombuluka
1st plural sasombuluka sangasombuluka, asasombuluka, asangasombuluka
2nd plural nasombuluka nangasombuluka, anasombuluka, anangasombuluka
Class 1 wasombuluka wangasombuluka, akasombuluka, akangasombuluka
Class 2 basombuluka bangasombuluka, abasombuluka, abangasombuluka
Class 3 wasombuluka wangasombuluka, awasombuluka, awangasombuluka
Class 4 yasombuluka yangasombuluka, ayasombuluka, ayangasombuluka
Class 5 lasombuluka langasombuluka, alasombuluka, alangasombuluka
Class 6 asombuluka angasombuluka, awasombuluka, awangasombuluka
Class 7 sasombuluka sangasombuluka, asasombuluka, asangasombuluka
Class 8 zasombuluka zangasombuluka, azasombuluka, azangasombuluka
Class 9 yasombuluka yangasombuluka, ayasombuluka, ayangasombuluka
Class 10 zasombuluka zangasombuluka, azasombuluka, azangasombuluka
Class 11 lwasombuluka lwangasombuluka, alwasombuluka, alwangasombuluka
Class 14 basombuluka bangasombuluka, abasombuluka, abangasombuluka
Class 15 kwasombuluka kwangasombuluka, akwasombuluka, akwangasombuluka
Class 17 kwasombuluka kwangasombuluka, akwasombuluka, akwangasombuluka

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

C. M. Doke; B. W. Vilakazi (1972), “sombuluka”, in Zulu-English Dictionary, →ISBN: “sombuluka (3.3.2.9)”