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Probably derived from stipula (blade or wisp of straw), that played a symbolic role when the partners formally confirmed the agreement.[1]



stipulor (present infinitive stipulārī, perfect active stipulātus sum); first conjugation, deponent

  1. I demand a formal promise; bargain, covenant, stipulate.
  2. I promise, engage, pledge myself.


   Conjugation of stipulor (first conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stipulor stipulāris, stipulāre stipulātur stipulāmur stipulāminī stipulantur
imperfect stipulābar stipulābāris, stipulābāre stipulābātur stipulābāmur stipulābāminī stipulābantur
future stipulābor stipulāberis, stipulābere stipulābitur stipulābimur stipulābiminī stipulābuntur
perfect stipulātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect stipulātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect stipulātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stipuler stipulēris, stipulēre stipulētur stipulēmur stipulēminī stipulentur
imperfect stipulārer stipulārēris, stipulārēre stipulārētur stipulārēmur stipulārēminī stipulārentur
perfect stipulātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect stipulātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present stipulāre stipulāminī
future stipulātor stipulātor stipulantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives stipulārī, stipulārier1 stipulātus esse stipulātūrus esse
participles stipulāns stipulātus stipulātūrus stipulandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
stipulārī, stipulārier1 stipulandī stipulandō stipulandum stipulātum stipulātū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.


Derived terms[edit]

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  1. ^ “stipulare” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, ISBN 978-88-00-20781-2