tālrunis

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Latvian[edit]

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 tālrunis on Latvian Wikipedia
Tālrunis (1)

Etymology[edit]

From tāls (far) +‎ runa (talk), made into a masculine 2nd-declension noun (ending -is). Apparently a calque of German Fernsprecher, itself a calque of French téléphone, a word coined in the 1830s from two Ancient Greek elements, τῆλε (têle, afar) and φωνή (phōnḗ, voice, sound).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

tālrunis m (2nd declension)

  1. telephone set, phone (electronic device used for communication between two people)
    pacelt, nocelt tālruņa klausulito pick up the telephone receiver
    Seržant, jūsu kabinetā zvana tālrunis!sergeant, the phone is ringing in your office!
    tūlīt no stacijas viņa iezavnīja uz māju, bet neviens pie tālruņa nepienācashe immediately called home from the station, but nobody came to the phone
  2. telephone (that part of a telephone set that converts electrical impulses into sound)
    paziņot pa tālrunito report by telephone
    viņš tālrunī visādi izrunājās ar mani, bet, kad ir izdevība pabūt aci pret aci, tad vienaldzīgi aiziethe talks with me in all ways (= about everything) on the phone, but when there is a chance to be together face to face (lit. eye to eye), then he leaves indifferently
  3. telephone number
    “labi, piezvaniet man rīt pat,” un Birgita pateica savas darba vietas tālruni' “OK, do call me tomorrow,” and Birgita told (him) her workplace phone (number)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]